AN ANALYSIS ON THE COMPATIBILITY OF READING TEXTS OF LET’S TALK FOR THE FIRST YEAR STUDENTS OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL WITH THE SCHOOL BASED CURRICULUM.

AN ANALYSIS ON THE COMPATIBILITY OF READING TEXTS
OF LET’S TALK FOR THE FIRST YEAR STUDENTS OF
JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL WITH THE SCHOOL BASED
CURRICULUM

RESEARCH PAPER

Submitted as a Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements
for Getting Bachelor Degree of Education
in English Department

by
FINA FULLINA
A320 040 395

SCHOOL OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION
MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF SURAKARTA
2008

CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION

A. Background of the Study
In Indonesia, English as a foreign language is not only used as a means
of communication and maintaining relationship with other nations but also as
a subject learned at school. By studying English, it is hoped that Indonesian
people can keep pace with the progress in the world. People are also expected
to be able to master science and technology needed in national development.
In the recent years, the study of English continues to occupy an important
place in our educational curriculum. It is regarded as the first foreign language
to be taught at elementary school as a local content, and at secondary school as
an additional subject.
Beside the curriculum, the presence of a text book is necessary to
support the teaching learning process (Brown, 1994: 145). The most obvious
and common material to support language instruction comes through text
book. It means that text book is the most common factor that support the
success of teaching learning process. Text books are best seen as a source in
achieving aims and objectives that have already been set in terms of learner
needs (Cunningsworth, 1995: 7). In other words, a text book means a created
material designed as materials for teaching learning process in order to
increase the learners’ knowledge and experience.

1

2

A textbook as a teaching medium is really needed to present the
material in school. In English teaching, it supports the teaching-learning
process. The appropriate English textbook is very important for the teacher to
support the English teaching and learning process.
Reading skill is one of the four skills contained in textbook as the
material. It is very important in English teaching-learning process. Teaching
reading is to develop basic comprehension skill, so that students can read and
understand texts of general nature, to be able to use reading to increase their
general knowledge, to be able to decide the reading purpose and to adopt their
methods of reading, and to develop the ability to read critically.
Nowadays, there are many English textbooks published to fulfill the
need to learn English. Because of this, English teachers have to choose a
textbook that is appropriate with the learners, because there is no perfect book
that can fulfill various kinds of learners needs. As Cunningsworth (1995: 5)
maintains “no course book designed for a general market will be absolutely
ideal for particular group of learners”. Therefore, the analysis of English
textbook is really needed to get the English textbook that is suitable with the
learners’ needs.
There are many English textbooks for Junior High School published by
different publishers. The writer chooses Let’s Talk for SMP 1. The textbook is
published by PAKAR RAYA Publisher. There are many reasons why the
writer chooses this book. Firstly, the book is used in many schools such as
SMP Muhammadiyah 8, SMP Bintang Laut, and SMPN 1 Gatak. Secondly,

3

the book is designed to fulfill the requirement of the English syllabus, which is
matched with School-based Curriculum. Next, the book contains many
exercises needed to improve the English learners’ skill. Besides, some English
teachers consider that the book is suitable with the learners needs.
The standard of material English competency for Junior High School is
the students are expected to be able to comprehend various meaning in written
texts in the forms of descriptive, narrative, and recount. Descriptive text
describes a particular person, place, or thing. Narrative text is used to amuse,
entertain, and to deal with factual or vicarious experiences in different ways.
Recount text is used to retell events for the purpose of informing or
entertaining. Therefore a variety of texts in the English course for Junior High
School must concern with the three types of the texts.
In this research, the writer emphasizes her analysis on the material of
reading texts. There are many textbooks rely on the teacher to present a
reading exercise and reading texts often used not just for practicing reading,
but also for presenting new language. That is one of the reasons, the writer
chooses to analyze Let’s Talk textbook especially on reading material.
The writer compares the material of reading texts in the textbook with
School-based Curriculum, whether the reading texts in the textbook are
compatible with School-based Curriculum. Based on the reasons, the writer
decides to conduct a research paper entitled AN ANALYSIS ON THE
COMPATIBILITY OF READING MATERIAL OF LET’S TALK TEXT
BOOK WITH THE SCHOOL BASED CURRICULUM.

4

B. Problem of the Study
Based on the background of the study, the problems of the study are
formulated as follows:
1. Are the reading texts compatible with those required in School-based
Curriculum?
2. Do the reading texts facilitate the students to achieve the reading
competencies?

C. Objective of the Study
The objectives of the study are:
1. To clarify the types of texts and reading texts in the textbook entitled Let’s
Talk for SMP 1”.
2. To describe whether the reading texts in the textbook entitled Let’s Talk
for SMP 1 are suitable with School-based Curriculum or not.
3. To describe whether the reading text facilitate the students to achieve the
competencies or not.

D. Benefit of the Study
1. Theoretical benefits
a. The result of this research can give input to improve the English
textbook especially for reading materials so that the next English
textbook can be designed better which put genres as the main tool in
language learning today.

5

b. The result of the study can be used as the reference for those who want
to evaluate the other textbooks.
2. Practical benefits
a. The writer hopes that the teachers will know the appropriate textbook
that can be used in teaching-learning process, and also the teachers
know how to evaluate a textbook.
b. The teachers know how far the textbook follows the curriculum
demand.

E. Limitation of the Study
The writer focuses her research only on the types of reading texts in
the English textbook entitled Let’s Talk for SMP 1 used for first year students
of Junior High School-based on School-based Curriculum.

F. Research Paper Organization
The organization of his research paper is arranged as follows:
Chapter I is introduction. It consists of background of the study,
problem of the study, objective of the study, benefit of the study, limitation of
the study and research paper organization.
Chapter II is review of related literature. It covers previous study,
English

text

book,

comprehension skill.

school

based

curriculum,

genre,

and

reading

6

Chapter III is research method. It discusses the research type, data and
source, method of collecting data, and technique for analyzing data.
Chapter IV is data analysis and discussion. It presents the data analysis
and discussion.
Chapter V presents conclusion and suggestion based on the discussion
of the research finding.

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