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Bahasa Inggris ● SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Kelas XI

Bahasa Inggris

12.500

13.000

13.500

14.600

18.700

SMA/MA/
SMK/MAK

KELAS

XI

● SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Kelas XI

Bahasa Inggris

SMA/MA/
SMK/MAK

KELAS

XI

Hak Cipta © 2017 pada Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan
Dilindungi Undang-Undang

Disklaimer: Buku ini merupakan buku guru yang dipersiapkan Pemerintah dalam rangka
implementasi Kurikulum 2013. Buku guru ini disusun dan ditelaah oleh berbagai pihak di
bawah koordinasi Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, dan dipergunakan dalam
tahap awal penerapan Kurikulum 2013. Buku ini merupakan “dokumen hidup” yang
senantiasa diperbaiki, diperbaharui, dan dimutakhirkan sesuai dengan dinamika kebutuhan
dan perubahan zaman. Masukan dari berbagai kalangan diharapkan dapat meningkatkan
kualitas buku ini.
Katalog Dalam Terbitan (KDT)
Indonesia. Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.
Bahasa Inggris / Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.-Jakarta : Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, 2017.
vi, 170 : ilus. ; 25 cm.
Untuk SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Kelas XI
ISBN 978-602-427-106-0 (Jilid Lengkap)
ISBN 978-602-427-108-4 (Jilid 2)
1. Bahasa Inggris -- Studi dan Pengajaran
II. Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan

I. Judul
420

Kontributor Naskah

: Mahrukh Bashir

Penelaah

: Emi Emilia dan Helena I.R. Agustien.

Pereview

: Lina Mulyanti.

Penyelia Penerbitan

: Pusat Kurikulum dan Perbukuan, Balitbang, Kemendikbud.

Cetakan ke-1, 2014 ISBN 978-602-282-482-4 (Jilid 2a)
ISBN 978-602-282-483-1 (Jilid 2b)
Cetakan ke-2, 2017 (Edisi Revisi)
Disusun dengan huruf Calibri, 11 pt.

KATA PENGANTAR

Pertama-tama saya ingin menyampaikan rasa syukur kepada Allah Swt (Tuhan
Yang Maha Esa) karena berkat rahmat dan karunia-Nya lah buku teks pelajaran
Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI ini dapat diselesaikan. Sejalan dengan Kurikulum Nasional
yang dirancang untuk menyongsong model pembelajaran Abad ke-21 yang di
dalamnya menekankan pembelajaran akif yang mendorong siswa untuk mencari
tahu dari berbagai sumber belajar, bukan sakadar diberi tahu. Buku ini diharapkan
dapat menjadi salah satu sumber belajar yang dapat membantu meningkatkan
kemampuan siswa dalam berbahasa Inggris. Kegiatan-kegiatan yang disajikan
di dalamnya diharapkan dapat menginspirasi guru-guru, untuk melaksanakan
pembelajaran bahasa Inggris yang akif, kreaif, dan menyenangkan sesuai
dengan tuntutan Kurikulum Nasional.
Perkembangan dunia pendidikan dan era teknologi informasi saat ini, semakin
meningkatkan peran bahasa Inggris dalam pembelajaran, mengingat banyak
sekali sumber belajar dalam bahasa Inggris dibanding sumber-sumber lainnya.
Makin datarnya dunia dengan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi menyebabkan
pergaulan idak lagi dapat dibatasi oleh batasan-batasan negara, dan hal ini
semakin meningkatkan kebutuhan terhadap penguasaan bahasa Inggris sebagai
bahasa pergaulan dunia.
Buku ini menjabarkan usaha minimal yang harus dilakukan siswa untuk mencapai
kompetensi yang diharapkan. Sesuai dengan tuntutan Kurikulum Nasional,
siswa diajak untuk berani bereksplorasi mencari sumber-sumber belajar yang
terbentang luas di sekitarnya, tanpa kehilangan konteks budaya di dalam
negerinya sendiri. Peran guru dalam meningkatkan dan menyesuaikan daya
serap siswa dengan ketersediaan kegiatan pada buku ini sangat pening. Guru
juga diharapkan dapat memperkayanya dengan kegiatan-kegiatan yang relevan
berdasarkan kreaivitas masing-masing.
Semoga keberadaan buku ini memberi manfaat bagi upaya peningkatan kualitas
pelaksanaan pembelajaran di Indonesia, khususnya pembelajaran bahasa
Inggris. Atas kekurangan-kekurangan yang ada pada buku ini tentu penulis
menyampaikan permohonan maaf yang sebesar-besarnya dan dengan terbuka
menerima masukan dari para pembaca dan pengguna buku ini.
Jakarta, Februari 2017

Penulis

Bahasa Inggris

iii

Datar Isi
Kata Pengantar............................................................................................
Datar isi ......................................................................................................
CHAPTER 1: Ofers & Suggesions ..............................................................
A. Pre-Acivity ......................................................................................
B. Building Blocks .................................................................................
C. Let’s Pracice ....................................................................................
D. Acive Conversaion .........................................................................
E. Wriing Connecion ..........................................................................
F. Let’s Create/Contribute ...................................................................
G. Formaive Assesment ......................................................................
CHAPTER 2: Opinions & Thoughts ..........................................................
A. Pre-Acivity ......................................................................................
B. Building Blocks .................................................................................
C. Let’s Pracice ....................................................................................
D. Acive Conversaion .........................................................................
E. Wriing Connecion ..........................................................................
F. Let’s Create/Contribute ...................................................................
G. Formaive Assesment ......................................................................
CHAPTER 3: Party Time ..........................................................................
A. Pre-Acivity ......................................................................................
B. Building Blocks .................................................................................
C. Let’s Pracice ....................................................................................
D. Acive Conversaion .........................................................................
E. Wriing Connecion ..........................................................................
F. Let’s Create/Contribute ...................................................................
G. Formaive Assesment ......................................................................
CHAPTER 4: Naional Disaster-An Exposiion .........................................
A. Pre-Acivity ......................................................................................
B. Building Blocks .................................................................................
C. Let’s Pracice ....................................................................................
D. Acive Conversaion .........................................................................
E. Wriing Connecion ..........................................................................
F. Let’s Create/Contribute ...................................................................
G. Formaive Assesment ......................................................................

iv

Kelas XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK

iii
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39
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52
53
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59
60

CHAPTER 5: Leter Wriing .....................................................................
A. Pre-Acivity ......................................................................................
B. Building Blocks .................................................................................
C. Let’s Pracice ....................................................................................
D. Acive Conversaion .........................................................................
E. Wriing Connecion ..........................................................................
F. Let’s Create/Contribute ...................................................................
G. Formaive Assesment ......................................................................
CHAPTER 6: Cause & Efect ....................................................................
A. Pre-Acivity ......................................................................................
B. Building Blocks .................................................................................
C. Let’s Pracice ....................................................................................
D. Acive Conversaion .........................................................................
E. Wriing Connecion ..........................................................................
F. Let’s Create/Contribute ...................................................................
G. Formaive Assesment ......................................................................
CHAPTER 7: Meaning Through Music .....................................................
A. Pre-Acivity ......................................................................................
B. Building Blocks .................................................................................
C. Acive Conversaion .........................................................................
D. Formaive Assesment ......................................................................
CHAPTER 8: Explain This! .......................................................................
A. Pre-Acivity ......................................................................................
B. Building Blocks .................................................................................
C. Let’s Pracice ....................................................................................
D. Acive Conversaion .........................................................................
E. Wriing Connecion ..........................................................................
F. Let’s Create/Contribute ...................................................................
G. Formaive Assesment ......................................................................
ENRICHMENT: .......................................................................................
1. Can Greed Ever be Saisied?..................................................................
A. Pre-Reading Aciviies ......................................................................
B. Reading Acivity ...............................................................................
C. Post Reading Acivity .......................................................................
D. Personal Journal Wriing ..................................................................
2. Can Greed Ever be Saisied?..................................................................
A. Pre-Reading Aciviies ......................................................................
B. Reading Acivity ...............................................................................

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Bahasa Inggris

v

C. Post Reading Acivity .......................................................................
D. Personal Journal Wriing ..................................................................
3. Hopes and Dreams .................................................................................
A. Pre-Reading Aciviies ......................................................................
B. Reading Acivity ...............................................................................
C. Post Reading Acivity .......................................................................
D. Personal Journal Wriing ..................................................................
4. Vanity, What is Thy Price ........................................................................
A. Pre-Reading Aciviies ......................................................................
B. Reading Acivity ...............................................................................
C. Post Reading Acivity .......................................................................
D. Personal Journal Wriing ..................................................................
5. Beneit of Doubt .....................................................................................
A. Pre-Reading Aciviies ......................................................................
B. Reading Acivity ...............................................................................
C. Post Reading Acivity .......................................................................
D. Personal Journal Wriing ..................................................................
6. The Last Leaf...........................................................................................
A. Pre-Reading Aciviies ......................................................................
B. Reading Acivity ...............................................................................
C. Post Reading Acivity .......................................................................
D. Personal Journal Wriing ..................................................................
7. Father of Indonesian Educaion .............................................................
A. Pre-Reading Aciviies ......................................................................
B. Reading Acivity ...............................................................................
C. Post Reading Acivity .......................................................................
D. Personal Journal Wriing ..................................................................
References ............................................................................................
Proil Penulis .........................................................................................
Proil Penelaah ......................................................................................
Proil Ilustrator ......................................................................................

vi

Kelas XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK

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CHAPTER 1

Offers & Suggestions

KOMPETENSI DASAR
3.1 Menerapkan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan teks interaksi
transaksional lisan dan tulis yang melibatkan ndakan memberi dan meminta
informasi terkait saran dan tawaran, sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya.
(Perha kan unsur kebahasaan should, can.)
4.1 Menyusun teks interaksi transaksional, lisan dan tulis, pendek dan sederhana,
yang melibatkan ndakan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait saran dan
tawaran, dengan memperha kan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur
kebahasaan yang benar dan sesuai dengan konteks

BahasaInggris
Inggris 111
Bahasa
Inggris
Bahasa

A
Conversa on 1
With a partner, read the conversa on given below.
Hi, John.
Hi, Jane. What are you doing?
Nothing much. Would you like to go to movies?
(Source: Kemendikbud)

I would love to, but not right now.
How about in the a�ernoon?
Great! What movie do you want to watch?
Let's watch “Ring”.

(Source: Kemendikbud)

I would rather not. I am not much into
horror movies. How about Peanuts?
Ok. Let's go. When do you want to go?
4 o'clock show.
It sounds good. Okay, see you then!
Okay, see you!
What kind of interpersonal transac on is going on in the conversa on given above?
Write down your answer here.

22 Kelas
KelasXIXISMA/MA/SMK/MAK
SMA/MA/SMK/MAK

Semester 1

Conversa on 2
With a partner, read the conversa on given below.

Hello, Jane.
Hi, Si .
You look red. What is going on?
(Source: Kemendikbud)

I am working on my project paper. It is
due tomorrow. I don't think I will be able to finish it.
Would you like any help?

Tell me what I can do and I will start right away.
Thank you! You are an angel.

What kind of interpersonal transac on is going on in the conversa on given above?
Write down your answer here.

2

Kelas XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK

Bahasa Inggris 3
Semester 1

(Source: Kemendikbud)

Yes, please. I would really appreciate it.

B
Sugges ng and Offering
a
eans to give
Suggest m
ce
is to introdu
at
th
n
o
s
e
sugg
a plan
an idea or
se
o
p
ro
p
r
o
ra on.
e’s conside
for someon

Social func on: to facilitate
interpersonal communica on
between different people

Sug ges ons are abstract
and can be in form of
solu ons, advice, plan, and
idea. It can be accepted
or refused.

For example:

t.
- Let's finish our home work firs
- Let's go home.

When making sugges ons, we o�en use the following expressions.
Let's …
Why don't we …?
We could …
What about …?
How about …?
I suggest that …
You might want to change …
I think …
I don't think …

8
4

Kelas
Kelas XI
XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK
SMA/MA/SMK/MAK

Semester 1

-

Let's go to the library.
Let's go to movies.
Why don't you do your homework before going out?
We could eat at home today.
What about ea ng at the new place?
How about going to Sam's place first?
I suggest that we call it a day.
You need to change your sleeping habits.
I think you should go and meet her.
I think we should do it this way.

Let's take a look at the sentence structure to suggest something.
Subject

Verb

That

Object

suggest

that

he clean his room.

recommend

that

she read “The Hunger Games”.

I

propose

that

a report should be sent in.

I

put forward

that

we work together on this.

advise

that

he work hard.

advocate

that

we support them in every way
possible.

I
We

We
I

Table 1.1 Sentence structure to suggest something

Bahasa Inggris
Bahasa Inggris 5

9

Responding to Sugges ons
Making
Suggesons
ons Accep
Making
Sugges
AccepngngSugges
Suggesons
ons Declining
Declining Sugges
Sugges ons
ons
Let's go to movies.

Yes, let's go.

No, thank you. I do
not feel like going.

Why don't you do
your homework
before going out?

Ok, I will.

Sorry, I think I will go
out first and then do
my homework.

How about going to
Sam's place first and
then to the
supermarket?

Yes, let's go. It is
a good idea.

No, Let's just go to
the supermarket.

I think you should go
and meet her.

Ok, if you say so.

Sorry, I can't.
I have previous
engagement.

Table 1.2 Responding to sugges ons

give something
O ff er means to
ct to someone,
physical or abstra
ken as a gift or
which can be ta
a trade.

Social function: to facilitate
interpersonal communication
between different people.

Offer can be given in terms of
foo d, mo ney, solu tion s,
friendship or a bargain. It can
be taken or refused.

For example:

- Shall I take you home?
- Do you want help with your homework?

When making offers, we o�en use the following expressions.
May I …?
Can I …?
Shall I …?
Would you …?
How about I …?

6 Kelas
10
Kelas XI
XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK
SMA/MA/SMK/MAK

Semester 1

-

May I give you a hand?
Can I help you?
Shall I bring you some tea?
Would you like another piece of cake?
How about I help you with this?
Can I clean the car for you?
Shall I help you with your homework?
I will do the washing, if you like.

Responding to Offers
Making
Sugges
ons
Making
Offers

Accep
ng Offers
Accep
ng Sugges
ons

Declining
Sugges
Declining
Offersons

Can I help you?

Yes, please.
I really appreciate it.

It's okay, I can do it
myself.

Shall I bring you
some tea?

Thank you, it is very
kind of you.

No, thank you.

Would you like
another helping of
cake?

Yes, please. That
would be lovely.

No, thanks. I don't
want another helping.

How about I help you
with this?

Yes, please, that
would be very kind of
you.

Don't worry, I will do
it myself.

Can I take you home?

Thank you, I
appreciate your help.

That’s alright, I will
manage on my own.

Table 1.3 Responding to offers

Let's take a look at the sentence structure to offer something.
Modal Verb

Subject

Object

Would

you

care for another cup of tea?

Shall

we

take you there?

Could

I

Will

you

offer you something?
have tea with that?

Table 1.4 Sentense structure to offer something

Bahasa Inggris
Inggris
Bahasa

7
11

C
A. Choose the best op on for each sentence given below.
1. Hey Si , ____________________ go star-gazing tonight?
a. are you
c. shall them
b. how about
d. would you like to
2. Sam: “Would you like to go watching a movie this weekend?“
Carly: “I can't, I am low on cash right now. ____________________ stay at
home and watch TV instead.”
a. How about
c. What about
b. Let's
d. I think
3. What shall we do today?____________________ we go to the library?
a. Shall I
c. Why don't
b. Let's
d. Would you
4. ____________________ like a cup of coffee?
a. Can I
c. Would you
b. I'll do
d. Should I
5. ____________________ the washing, if you like.
a. Can I
c. I'll do
b. Would you
d. Let's
6. Edo: “I have a lot of work to finish; I don't know how I will manage.“
Sam:” ____________________ half of it if you want.”
a. Would you
c. Why don't
b. I think
d. I will help you with
7. Carly: “I submi ed my essay to the teacher a few days ago, but I haven't
received any response from her.”
Edo: “____________________ go and ask her?”
a. Shall us
c. Why don't you
b. I'll do
d. I propose

8

Kelas XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK
Bahasa Inggris

13

8. ____________________ get you a drink?
a. Would you
c. Can I
b. Why don't you
d. I'll do
9. Aisya: “I am so thirsty.”
Annie: “____________________ get you something to drink?”
a. How about
c. Why don't
b. What about
d. Can I
10. ____________________ like me to clean your car?
a. How about
c. Would you
b. Let's
d. I think

B. There are some gramma cal errors in the sentences given below. Circle the
mistakes in each sentence, then rewrite the sentence. If there aren't any
mistakes, put a ck mark next to the sentence.
1. Let's to go to the sushi of restaurant for lunch.
____________________________________________________________
2. Shall we do have a mee ng on a�ernoon Saturday?
____________________________________________________________
3. Can I do get you a glass juice of?
____________________________________________________________
4. Let me take you home.
____________________________________________________________
5. If you want, I'll car the wash for you.
____________________________________________________________

14 Kelas XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK

Semester 1
Bahasa Inggris 9

6. Shall home we go now?
____________________________________________________________
7. Would like you another glass of juice?
____________________________________________________________
8. You should finish you work today.
____________________________________________________________
9. Can I take help you with something?
____________________________________________________________
10. Shall I bring your jacket?
____________________________________________________________

C. Respond to the sugges ons and offers given below.
1. Can I help you?
___________________________________________________________
2. Why don't you go and get something to eat?
___________________________________________________________
3. Why don't you join us for lunch?
___________________________________________________________
4. Shall I bring a book to read?
___________________________________________________________

10 Kelas XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK

Bahasa Inggris

15

5. Why don't we meet at the bookstore tomorrow at 5 p.m.?
___________________________________________________________
6. Let's all eat together.
___________________________________________________________
7. Would you like a glass of water?
___________________________________________________________
8. Would you like me to do the ironing for you?
___________________________________________________________
9. I will wash the car, if you like.
___________________________________________________________
10. I think we should go and pick your father up from the airport.
___________________________________________________________

16 Kelas XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK

11 1
Bahasa Inggris
Semester

D. Complete the transac onal conversa ons based on the sugges ons
and offers given below. The first one is done for you.
1. At the Airport
This is a conversa on between an airline counter a endant and
a customer.

A: Good morning. Can I have your cket, please?
Do you have any luggage?
B: Yes, one suitcase.
A: Please place it here.
Would you like a window or an aisle seat?
Ok, sure. Is there anything else I can do for you?
You are welcome. Here is your boarding pass. Please be at gate B
30 minutes before boarding. Have a nice flight!

2. At the Hotel
This conversa on is between a concierge at a hotel and a customer:
Good evening. Can I help you?
Good evening. Yes, please.
I would like a room for the night.
(Source: Kemendikbud)

(Source: Kemendikbud)

Thanks. Good night.

12 Kelas XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK

Bahasa Inggris

17

3. What Movie Should We Watch?
This is a conversa on between two friends.
Let's watch a movie.

What kind of movie?

Roman c movie.
I don't like roman c movies;
Let's watch something else.

(Source: Kemendikbud)

(Source: Kemendikbud)

4. At a Store
This conversa on is between a store a endant and a customer.
Hi there, how can I help you?
I would like to return this shirt for a refund.
What is the problem with the shirt?

(Source: Kemendikbud)

(Source: Kemendikbud)

Bahasa Inggris

18 Kelas XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK

13

Semester 1

D
Use the thinking technique, “THINKPAIRSHARE” to offer and suggest
a solu on to the problem given below.
You came to know that your friends had a fight. They are not on talking terms for
some me now. Since you are a common friend, it is difficult for you because you
want to hang out with both of them but they can't stand each other. You have to
find a way to offer and suggest a solu on so that the fight is over.

THINK
About the
sugges ons and
offers you can
make to solve
the problem.

20
14 Kelas
KelasXI
XISMA/MA/SMK/MAK
SMA/MA/SMK/MAK

PAIR
In pairs, discuss
the best
sugges ons and
offers. Give at
least four.

SHARE
Then share the
outcome of your
discussion by
ac ng it out in
front of your
teacher and
classmates.

Semester 1

E
With a partner, choose a topic of your choice. Write a dialogue using
sugges ons and offers.

Bahasa Inggris
Inggris
Bahasa

15
21

F
Choose one of the following ac vi es for your project.
1. With a partner, come up with ideas and sugges ons to improve the English
environment in your school. Make a poster and put these ideas and
sugges ons on the poster and share them with your teacher and classmates.
2. With your partner, come up with offers to improve the English environment
school. Make a poster and present it in class.
3. With a partner, create a dialogue using sugges ons and offers on any topic.
Act this dialogue in front of the class.
4. Assume you and your friend win an all-expense-paid trip to the fisherman's
village. Design a postcard about the loca on to send to your friends in other
classes.
For crea ng the postcard, consider the following aspects:
- you can consider the fact that there is an enchanted fish in the waters;
- you can consider sugges ng them visit the place;
- you can offer them incen ves if they visit the place.

Example of poster

Example of postcard

Picture 1.6 (Source: lazuardiwritersguild.blogspot.com)

Markets in Indonesia sell almost everything

Picture 1.8 (Source: lunainterna onal.blogspot.com)
Place
Stamp
Here

Figure 1.1 Poster
Figure 1.2 Postcard

22 16Kelas
XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK
Kelas
XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK

Semester 1

G
I can do this.
Complete these statements.
1. The most interes ng thing I learned in this chapter was ___________
2. The part I enjoyed most was ___________
3. I would like to find more about ___________
4. The hardest part in this chapter was ___________
5. I need to work harder at ___________
Read the statements below and ck ( ) the op on that is most applicable to
you.
Definitely

Yes

Maybe

No

Not at all

The story was easy to understand.
I can tell the difference between
offer and sugges on.
I could write a dialogue between
two people.

My plan to overcome the difficul es of this chapter

17
Bahasa
Bahasa Inggris
Inggris 25

CHAPTER 2

Opinions & Thoughts
KOMPETENSI DASAR
3.2 Menerapkan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan teks
interaksi transaksional lisan dan tulis yang melibatkan ndakan memberi
dan meminta informasi terkait pendapat dan pikiran, sesuai dengan
konteks penggunaannya. (Perha kan unsur kebahasaan I think, I suppose,
in my opinion.)
4.2

Menyusun teks interaksi transaksional, lisan dan tulis, pendek dan
sederhana, yang melibatkan ndakan memberi dan meminta informasi
terkait pendapat dan pikiran, dengan memperha kan fungsi sosial,
struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan yang benar dan sesuai konteks

26 Kelas
18
Kelas XI
XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK
SMA/MA/SMK/MAK

Semester 1

A
With a partner, read the conversa onal text given.
Why are you looking so sad?
I was reading an opinion ar cle
on bullying. It made me extremely sad.
Ah! People like to exaggerate things,
bullying as such is no big deal.

I don't agree with you. Li le bit
teasing here and there is acceptable.

(Source: Kemendikbud)

(Source: Kemendikbud)

No, I don't think so. Bullying is prevalent in
our society. It is important that everyone
should be made aware of this social evil.

I am of the opinion that no one has any
right to harass or make people feel
inferior. No one should have that kind of
power.

Si

Hey! Stop! You are ge�ng too serious!
Yes! You should be serious about it as well.
I would like to point out that bullying is
everyone's problem and responsibility. If you
condone bullying in any way, shape or form it
means you are taking part in it whether it is
directly or indirectly by being silent.

Jane

Discuss these ques ons with your partner.
1. What is happening between Si and Jane?
2. What kind of conversa on are they having?
3. Whom do you agree with, Jane or Si ? Why?
4. Have you witnessed bullying? Describe how you felt.

Bahasa Inggris 19
Bahasa Inggris 27

B
Opinions
An opinion is the way you feel or think about something. Our opinion about
something or someone is based on our perspec ve. Whenever we give or express
our opinion, it is important to give reasoning or an example to support our opinion.
Some Opinions:
I like Harry Po er movies because the magic seems
so real.
I don't agree with you. Harry Po er
movies are just overrated.
I like playing tag because it is so
much fun.
I don't like playing tag because people
end up figh ng.
(Source: Kemendikbud)

(Source: Kemendikbud)

In my opinion, the government should
provide means of sustenance for
under privileged people instead of
building tall towers.
I agree with what you are saying but
have you ever thought that building
tall towers provides work for
unemployed people?

We can use colloca ons to
express opinions, for example
strong argument, strong
cri cism, strong denial, strong
opinion, strong resistance,
quite strongly.

32 Kelas
20
Kelas XI
XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK
SMA/MA/SMK/MAK

Semester 1

Let's look at the sentence structure to express opinions.

Subject

Object

Verb
agree

with what you are saying.

We

believe

this is not the right way to handle things.

I

reckon

this could be right considering the
reasons you have provided.

I

agree

that I didn't look at it from this
perspec ve.

I

doubt

that this is possible.

We

assume

you are biased on this issue.

I

don't agree

with you.

I

think

you are mistaken.

I

think

so too.

I

Table 2.1 Sentence structure to express opinions

Expressions
Opinions can be expressed in the ways given below.
Personal Point of View
These expressions are used to show personal points of view.
What I mean is ....

In my opinion ....
I think ....

In my humble opinion ....

Personally, I think ....

I would like to point out that ....

In my experience ....

To my mind ....

I strongly believe that ....

By this I mean ....

As far as I am concerned ....

I am compelled to say ....

From my point of view ....

I reckon ....
As I see it ....

As I understand ....
(Source: Kemendikbud)

Bahasa Inggris
Bahasa Inggris

21
33

General Point of View
These expressions are used to show a general point of view. A general point of view
creates a balance in wri ng and helps avoid absolute statements.

Most people do not agree ....
Almost everyone ....

Generally it is accepted ....
The majority disagree with ....

Some people say that ....

The majority agree with ....

Some people believe ....

It is some mes argued ....

Of course, many argue ....

It is considered ....

While some people believe ....

?

22 Kelas XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK
34 Kelas XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK

(Source: Kemendikbud)

(Source: Kemendikbud)

(Source: Kemendikbud)

DID YOU
KNOW

You can agree or disagree as
long as you have a reason for
your opinion.

Semester 1

Agreeing with an Opinion
These are some of the expressions used to express agreement with an opinion.
This is absolutely right.

Of course.
I agree, I never thought of that.

I agree with this opinion.

Neither do I.

I couldn't agree more.
(Source: Kemendikbud)

I agree with what you are
saying but have you ever.......

That's a good point.
I think so too.

Disagreeing with an opinion
These are the expressions used to express disagreement with an opinion.
I am sorry, I don't agree with you.

I am not sure
I agree with you.

I disagree with you.
I think you are wrong.

I don't agree with you.

That's not the same
thing at all.

I am afraid I have to
disagree with you.

It is not jus fied
to say so.

I do not believe that.

I am not
convinced that ....

By this I mean........

I can't say I agree with
this, and here's why….
(Source: Kemendikbud)

(Source: Kemendikbud)

Opinions can be expressed using mental verbs like believe,
think, doubt, assume, feel, etc.

Bahasa Inggris

23

Bahasa Inggris

35

Examples of Opinions:
-

I reckon he might have been bullied in school.
To be honest, I never thought that bullying was so prevalent in most schools.
I believe bullying is totally an unacceptable prac ce in our school.
I am not convinced that the majority of the people are not aware of this issue.

Examples of how to agree and disagree with an opinion
Agree

Statement

Disagree

Smoking should be
banned in public
places.

I totally agree that
smoking should be
banned in public places.

I am sorry but I tend
to disagree with you
on this.

Bullying is so
prevalent in most
schools.

I couldn't agree more
with you.

I think it would be
wrong to generalize.

Women should not
work.

I think so too. Women
should stay at home and
take care of their
children.

I am afraid I have to
disagree with you on
this.

Harry Po er series is
much be er than
Twilight series.

Yes, I agree. Harry Po er
series has a much be er
and well-developed
story line.

It’s not jus fied to say
because both have
different plots.

Online gaming should
be banned.

Absolutely right. It
should be as it distracts
students from
studying.

I don't agree with you.
It is a venue for
students to develop
their skills.

Table 2.2 Agreeing and disagreeing with opinions

24 Kelas XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK
36 Kelas XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK

Semester 1

C
A. Fill in the blanks using the opinion expressions given in the box below.
1. I ________________ with you bullying should be banned.
2. It is all right if you don't agree with me but I have every right to my
________________.
3. As far as I ________________, I will not support bullying in my school.
4. I ________________ that medical care should be free for everyone.
5. Some people_________________ ea ng fish and yogurt at the same
me causes a severe skin disease.
6. I feel quite___________________ about this issue.

totally agree, opinion, am concerned, strongly believe,
believe that, strongly

B. Below are several opinions. Some of them are polite and some impolite.
Highlight an opinion with:
red: if it is an impolite way of disagreeing.
blue: if it is a polite way of disagreeing.
green: if it is a polite way of giving an opinion.
yellow: if it is an impolite way of giving an opinion.
1. I am afraid, I don't agree with you on this ma er.

25
BahasaBahasa
InggrisInggris

37

2. I agree with you to a certain point but I would appreciate if you look at it
from another point of view.
3. That's an interes ng idea but I think our idea is much be er.
4. Do you really think like that?
5. Rubbish! Nonsense! I don't agree with this.
6. Actually, as a ma er of fact, I think we can look at it again and decide.
7. This is what I am ge�ng at.
8. You want to know what I think? Let me tell you what I think.
9. I feel compelled to disagree with you on this ma er.
10. I find it rather silly that you think like this.
11. I think we should all work together to rid our society of social evils.
12. It occurs to me that you have closed your mind against any right opinion.
13. As far as I can say, this club is going to dogs.
14. You make a strong case for changing all the rules, but I think you might
have overlooked the fact that it is not possible.
15. This is the most distasteful book I have ever read.
16. To my mind, this is the truth and I believe it.
17. The food here is absolutely inedible.
18. I understand where you are coming from, but you have to look at it from
our perspec ve as well.
19. You have a point, but have you ever thought how poor people on the
street feel?
20. This opinion is absolutely useless. Please get out of here.

40 Kelas XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK

26 Kelas XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK

Semester 1

D
Complete the following transac onal conversa ons. Using the role-play approach,
reenact the conversa on with your classmates.
Buying a New Car
I think we should buy a new car.
(Source: Kemendikbud)

(Source: Kemendikbud)

Why? Our old car is fine and func onal.

Banning of Cigare es
I believe that smoking should be banned.
I don't think I agree with you.
(Source: Kemendikbud)

(Source: Kemendikbud)

Songs

What kind of music do you like?
I like rock and roll.
How can you like rock and roll? It is so loud.
(Source: Kemendikbud)

(Source: Kemendikbud)

42 Kelas XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK

Bahasa Inggris
Semester27
1

E
Choose one of the topics given below. Create a dialogue of your opinion about
your chosen topic. Follow the opinion giving technique you have learnt in the
building blocks.
- Do you think educa on is a right or a priviledge? Support your opinion with
reasons and examples.
- Do you think conserva on of wildlife is important? Support your opinion with
reasons and examples.
- Time is more important than money. Support your opinion with reasons and
examples.
- Exploita on of natural resources is a major problem in Indonesia. Support
your opinion with reasons and examples.
- Do you think gaming affects the life of teenagers? Support your opinion with
reasons and examples.

28 Kelas XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK

Bahasa Inggris

43

44 Kelas XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK

291
Bahasa Inggris
Semester

F
Choose one of the ac vi es given below.
1. The objec ve of this ac vity is to gather opinions of people by conduc ng an
interview. With a partner, choose a topic, preferably a social issue, for example
social media, smoking, corrup on, global warming, pollu on, poverty, drug
abuse, etc. Write a series of interview ques ons of not more than 6 that will help
you collect opinions of people on the issue you have chosen. A�er the interview,
create a dialogue using the opinions you have collected. You can present your
work in the form of a role play, a poster, a movie or a PowerPoint presenta on.
Make sure you share it in your class.
Sample ques ons on the issue of corrup on for the interview:
- What is corrup on (in your opinion)?
- Do you think that corrup on is prevalent in our society?
- How would you define corrup on?
- Do you think corrup on should be a punishable crime?
- Do you think the government is making enough efforts to eradicate corrup on
from our society?
- What are you doing to help eradicate corrup on?
2. With a classmate, write an opinion conversa on using the expressions you have
learnt in the building blocks. Using the role-play approach, reenact it in front of the
class.
3. Find an editorial in any English newspaper or magazine. Use the Visible
Thinking technique or “Reporter's Notebook” to iden fy and separate facts and
opinions from this ar cle. Work in groups of five.
Focus on the following points:
- Iden fy an issue or dilemma from the ar cle.
- Iden fy facts and opinions.
- See if you understand them or you need more informa on.
- A�er the discussion with your group members and teacher, express your
opinion based on the informa on you have at hand.
4. Smoking should be banned in public places. What is your opinion? What is the
opinion of other people in your class on this issue? Do you agree or disagree
with this opinion? Debate with your classmates on this issue. Work in groups of
five or ten.

30 Kelas XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK

Bahasa Inggris

45

G
I can do this.
Complete these statements.
1. The most interes ng thing I learned in this chapter was ___________
2. The part I enjoyed most was ___________
3. I would like to find more about ___________
4. The hardest part in this chapter was ___________
5. I need to work harder at ___________
Read the statements below and ck ( ) the op on that is most applicable to
you.
Definitely

Yes

Maybe

No

Not at all

The conversa on was easy
to understand.

I know how to express opinions.
I could debate with my classmates.

I can write an opinion ar cle.
I could write a dialogue.
My plan to overcome the difficul es of this chapter

Bahasa Inggris
Inggris
Bahasa

31
47

CHAPTER 3

Party Time
KOMPETENSI DASAR
3.3

Membedakan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan beberapa
teks khusus dalam bentuk undangan resmi dengan memberi dan meminta
informasi terkait kegiatan sekolah/tempat kerja sesuai dengan konteks
penggunaannya

4.3

Teks undangan resmi

4.3.1 Menangkap makna secara kontekstual terkait fungsi sosial, struktur teks,
dan unsur kebahasaan teks khusus dalam bentuk undangan resmi lisan
dan tulis, terkait kegiatan sekolah/tempat kerja
4.3.2 Menyusun teks khusus dalam bentuk undangan resmi lisan dan tulis,
terkait kegiatan sekolah/tempat kerja, dengan memperha kan fungsi
sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan, secara benar dan sesuai
konteks

68 32
KelasKelas
XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK
XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK
32 Kelas XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK

Semester 1

A
Read an excerpt of the play given below.
MONSIEUR LOISEL: Sweetheart, I have a surprise for you.
MADAME LOISEL : Really, what is the surprise?
MONSIEUR LOISEL: See for yourself.
(He places the invita on on the table.)
Swi�ly, she tears open the envelope and draws out a printed card and reads out
"The Minister and Madame Ramponneau request the pleasure of the
company of
Monsieur and Madame Loisel at the Ministry on the evening of Monday,
January the eighteenth."
MONSIEUR LOISEL: Isn't it wonderful?
MADAME LOISEL: What do you mean? What can I do with it?
(She tosses the invita on on the table.)

Discussion
1. Why do people write and send invita ons?
2. Why do you think invita ons have become important in our society?
3. What kind of invita on do you think is in the excerpt given above?
How can you say that?
Write down your thoughts here.

Bahasa Inggris

33
69

B
Informal

Types of Invita ons
Formal

Formal Invita on
A formal invita on is an invita on which follows a dignified form, tone or style
in agreement with the established norms, customs or values (Websters,
2012).
For example:
- An invita on to the opening of a school
- An invita on to a gradua on ceremony
- An invita on to a wedding, etc.

Common Format of a Formal Invita on
-

The first line is the name(s) of the person(s) who invite(s).
The second line is the request for par cipa on.
The third line is the names of the person(s) invited.
The fourth line is the occasion for invita on.
The fi�h line is the me and date of the occasion.
The sixth line is the place of the occasion.
The last line is the request for reply.

34 Kelas XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK

Bahasa Inggris

77

Social Func on:
Invi ng people to formal and social events

Linguis c Characteris cs:
Simple, precise, and concise words
Detailed informa on
The tone should be friendly and sincere. Words should be chosen carefully.
The style of wri ng should be formal.

Format of Layout:
Addresses of the addresser and the addressee
Saluta on
Body
- State for whom the invita on is and by who it is given.
- Reasons of invita on
- Date
- Time
- Place
- R.S.V.P (it is a French word -"repondez s'il vous plait" which means
"please reply")
Signature
The format of the envelope for the invita on is addressed the same way as the
envelope of a le er (i.e. with the recipient's address in the middle of the
envelope and addresser's address on the le� hand corner of the
envelope).

Ways of Organizing Informa on:
Reasons for invi ng others
Detailed informa on about the party or event
Ask friends to come by using a sincere tone

Bahasa Inggris

35

Example of a Formal Invita on

The board of directors
of the Indonesian Educational foundation
request the pleasure of
Mr. and Mrs. Rahmad Riyadi
at the Charity Dinner on
Saturday, the Twenty Third Of December
At the Sultan Hotel Ball Room
R.s.v.p
Edo
0812864724678
edo@mygmail.com

Proceeds benefit the
educational fund

Dress code: Batik

Formal invitations are
written on cards.
The text is written in
calligraphic style.

36 Kelas XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK
78 Kelas XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK

Semester 1

Invita on to a wedding

Mr. and Mrs. Pujiyanto
cordially request the pleasure of your
company
on the wedding ceremony of their
daughter

1. Name of the hosts

2. Phrasing
the invita on
3. The kind of event

Siti With Davy
On Friday, the twelfth of December
at seven o'clock in
Gedung Kartini
Jl Gatot Subbaroto
Jakarta
R. S. V. P
Yani
02126734578
Rsvpwedding@mymail.com

Dinner will
be served at
8 pm sharp.

4. Date

5. Time
6. Venue

7. Special instruc on
8. Request to respond

Bahasa Inggris
Bahasa Inggris

37
79

Responding to formal invita ons
Formal invita ons should be responded to within 3 days.
Replies are wri en in third person.
Replies have to be handwri en.
Reason should be briefly stated for declining the invita on.
Example:
1. Acceptance
- Mr. and Mrs. Eri Utomo accept with pleasure the kind invita on of Mr.
and Mrs. Pujiyanto to the wedding ceremony of their daughter on
Friday, the twel�h of December at seven o' clock.
- Mr. and Mrs. Wibowo accept the invita on with pleasure.
2. Declining/Regre�ng
- Mr. and Mrs. Situmorang regret that they are unable to accept the kind
invita on of Mr. and Mrs. Pujiyanto for Friday, the twel�h of December
at seven o' clock due to prior engagement.
- Mr. And Mrs. Wibowo regret to decline the invita on due to health
reasons.
3. Responding card
The responding card comes with the invita on card. This card should
preferably be handwri en.
Reply is requested by First of December

Mr. & Mrs. Eri Utomo
_________________________ a end
__________________ unable to a end

80 Kelas
38
Kelas XI
XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK
SMA/MA/SMK/MAK

Semester 1

C
A. In the invita on card below, find out what is missing.

The board of directors of Wonderful Enterprises
request the pleasure of your
on, the twenty seventh of December
at Gedung Sukarno
Jakarta

Now rewrite the invita on properly in the space given below.

Bahasa Inggris 83
Bahasa Inggris 39

Now respond to the invita on.

D
With a partner create dialogues to accept and decline invita ons. Using the roleplay approach, re-enact the conversa on with your classmates. You can model
your conversa on based on the examples of invita ons given below.
Invita on to dinner
Joko: Would you like to come over for dinner tonight?
Yeni: Thank you! I'd love to. Would you like me to bring something?
Joko: No, nothing, just come.
Yeni: OK. What me?
Joko: At 7 p.m.
Yeni: OK, see you then.
Invita on to the grand opening of ABC so�ware company
Ariyanto : Mr. Budi, I would like to invite you to the opening of my so�ware
company.
Mr. Budi: When and where?
Ariyanto : This Saturday at 10 a.m.
Mr. Budi: I am afraid I won't be able to come. I have a prior engagement.

8440 Kelas
KelasXIXISMA/MA/SMK/MAK
SMA/MA/SMK/MAK

Semester 1

Invita on to anniversary dinner
Yan

:

Mr. Suharto:
Yan
:
Mr. Suharto:
Yan
:
Mr. Suharto:

rd

Mr. Suharto, my husband and I are celebra ng our 3 wedding
anniversary. We would like you to join us.
Oh, thank you! I would be delighted to. When is it?
On Sunday at 8 p.m in the Balai Kar ni.
OK, I will be there.
Thank you. See you then!
My pleasure. See you then!

Accep ng an invita on

(Source: Kemendikbud)

(Source: Kemendikbud)

Declining Invita on

(Source: Kemendikbud)

(Source: Kemendikbud)

Bahasa
Inggris
Bahasa
Inggris 8541

E
Write a formal invita on for your brother's wedding.

42 Kelas XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK
86 Kelas XI SMA/MA/SMK/MAK

Semester 1

F
Choose one of the ac vi es given below.
- With a partner, create a formal invita on for the head of your school, invi ng
him/her to the gradua on ceremony in your school. Use the format you have
learnt in the building blocks.
- With a partner, create a formal invita on for the head of your district, invi ng
him/her to the ribbon-cu�ng ceremony to inaugurate the new science
laboratory in your school. Use the format you have learnt in the building blocks.
- Design and create a formal invita on card template.

Bahasa Inggris 43
Bahasa Inggris 87

G
I can do this.
Complete these statements.
1. The most interes ng thing I learned in this chapter was ___________
2. The part I enjoyed most was ___________
3. I would like to find more about ___________
4. The hardest part in this chapter was ___________
5. I need to work harder at ___________
Read the statements below and ck ( ) the op on that is most applicable to
you.
Definitely

Yes

Maybe

No

Not at all

The play was easy to understand.

I can tell the difference
between formal an

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