A Brief Description Of Main Characters’ Morality In Jodi Picoult’s Novel, My Sister’S Keeper

A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF MAIN CHARACTERS’ MORALITY IN JODI
PICOULT’S NOVEL, MY SISTER’S KEEPER

A PAPER
BY

T.DINI MAHARANI
Reg.No. 072202020

ENGLISH STUDY PROGRAM DIPLOMA III
FACULTY OF LETTERS
UNIVERSITY OF SUMATERA UTARA
MEDAN
2010

Universitas Suamtera Utara

Approved by
Supervisor,

Drs.Parlindungan Purba, M.Hum.
NIP. 19630216 198903 1003

Submitted to Faculty of Letters University of Sumatera Utara
In partial fulfillment of the requirements for Diploma (D-III) in English

Approved by
Head of English Diploma Study Program

Dra.Hj.Syahyar Hanum D.P.F.E
NIP. 19510907 197902 2001

Approved by the Diploma III of English Study Program
Faculty of Letters, University of Sumatera Utara
As a Paper for the Diploma (D-III) Examination

Universitas Suamtera Utara

Accepted by the Board of Examiner in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the
D-III Examination of the Diploma III of English Study Program, Faculty of Letters,
University of Sumatera Utara..

The Examination is held on…………………..
Faculty of Letters, University of Sumatera Utara

Faculty of Letters, University of Sumatera Utara

Dean,

Prof. Syaifuddin, M.A.,Ph.D.
NIP.1950909 199403 1004

Universitas Suamtera Utara

AUTHOR’S DECLARATION

I, T. DINI MAHARANI, declare that I am the sole of author of this paper. Except
where reference is made in the text of this paper, this paper contains no material
published elsewhere or extracted in whole or in part from a paper by which I have
qualified for or awarded another degree.

No other person’s work has been used without due acknowledgement in the main text
of this paper. This paper has not been submitted for the award of another degree in
any tertiary education.

Signed

:

Date

:

Universitas Suamtera Utara

COPYRIGHT DECLARATION

Name

: T. DINI MAHARANI

Title of paper

: A Brief Description of Main Characters’ Morality in Jodi Picoult’s
Novel, My Sister’s Keeper

Qualification

: D-III/Ahli Madya

Study Program : English

I am willing that my paper should be available for reproduction at the discretion of
the Libertarian of the Diploma III English Study Program Faculty of Letters USU on
the understanding that users are made aware of their obligation under law of the
Republic Indonesia.

Signed

:

Date

:

Universitas Suamtera Utara

ABSTRACT
Character is one of the important elements in fiction. The topic which is discussed in
this paper is the presentation of main characters’ morality in Jodi Picoult’s novel, My
Sister’s Keeper. Though the character, the reader could see the great moral value in
the novel; it prove that characters’ and morality is related. The main characters’
morality can be seen through their attitudes when they deal with their problems in
their life. At least there are seven main characters’ in this novel; but at this chance the
author only discussed five dominant main characters’ in this novel. The aim of this
study is to explain the main characters’ morality in Jodi Picoult’s novel. Since the
analysis is internal structure of the literary work, the method applied in it known as
intrinsic method of analysis.

Universitas Suamtera Utara

ACKNOWLEDMENTS
Bismillahirahmanirrahim
First of all, I want to thank and Pray to Allah SWT, the Almighty God, for
blessing me in completing this paper as one of the requirements to get a Diploma
Degree in English from Faculty of Letters, University of Sumatera Utara.
1. My beloved parents, T. Isa Al-Qadri and Rohana, for loving, caring, and for
their support. Thanks for being my inspiration Mom. My sister and brother T.
Lisa Yovita and Widarso as my second parents, thanks for supporting me
financially especially in studying in English Diploma III. My sisters and
brothers the important person in my life T.Silviana, T. Kartika and Asep
Setiawan, T. Iskandar, T. Dermawan, T. Bebby Maysarah, thanks for
supporting me morally, financially, spiritually, in completing this paper.
2. My supervisor, Drs.Parlindungan Purba, M.Hum. who has given his
precious time, advice and critics in reading and correcting this paper for its
completeness; My Reader Drs. Siramir Marulafau, M.Hum For his time
and suggestion for this paper. The Head of English Diploma III, Dra.
Syahyar Hanum D.P.F.E, Dra. Redita Lbs, Dip. Apl. Ling. M.Hum for
their guidance, conversation, and developing critics. The Dean of Faculty of
Letters Prof. Syaifuddin, M.A.Ph.D.
3. My beloved family Raja Mariam who has helps me in completing this paper;
thank for her kindness.

Universitas Suamtera Utara

4.

My Lovely friends, in my great three years. Masytah the one who always
listening my story and give some suggestions for me. Maya the one who has
so patient. Mala, Elan, Julia, Viza, Putri, Meli, who always make me laugh
and going crazy with them; thanks for make me as your friend in happiness
and sadness. My friends Yuliska, Tri, Sulis, Ulan. And all of my friend in
English Diploma III A and B year 2007-2009.

Medan, April 2010
The Writer

T. Dini Maharani
Reg.No. 072202020

Universitas Suamtera Utara

TABLE OF CONTENTS

AUTHOR’S DECLARATION
COPYRIGHT DECLARATION
ABSTRACT .................................................................................................... i
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS........................................................................... ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS............................................................................... iv

1. INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................... 1
1.1 Background of the Study................................................................ 1
1.2 Problem of the Study...................................................................... 2
1.3 Objective of the Study.................................................................... 3
1.4 Scope of the Study ......................................................................... 3
1.5 Significance of the Study ............................................................... 3

2. A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF CHARACTER AND MORALITY ...... 4
2.1 Description of Characters .............................................................. 4
2.2 Description of Morality ................................................................. 9

3. A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF MAIN CHARACTER’S MORALITY 12
3.1 Anna Fitzgerald’s ........................................................................... 12
3.2 Sara Fitzgerald’s............................................................................. 15
3.3 Brian Fitzgerald’s ........................................................................... 19
3.4 Jesse Fitzgerald’s ........................................................................... 21
3.5 Campbell Alexander....................................................................... 24

Universitas Suamtera Utara

4. CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION ..................................................... 28
4.1 Conclusion ................................................................................... 28
4.2 Suggestion .................................................................................... 30

REFERENCES
APPENDICES
Summary of My Sister’s Keeper
Biography of Jodi Picoult

Universitas Suamtera Utara

ABSTRACT
Character is one of the important elements in fiction. The topic which is discussed in
this paper is the presentation of main characters’ morality in Jodi Picoult’s novel, My
Sister’s Keeper. Though the character, the reader could see the great moral value in
the novel; it prove that characters’ and morality is related. The main characters’
morality can be seen through their attitudes when they deal with their problems in
their life. At least there are seven main characters’ in this novel; but at this chance the
author only discussed five dominant main characters’ in this novel. The aim of this
study is to explain the main characters’ morality in Jodi Picoult’s novel. Since the
analysis is internal structure of the literary work, the method applied in it known as
intrinsic method of analysis.

Universitas Suamtera Utara

1. INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study
Roberts and Hendry E. Jacobs (1995:1) stated that literature refers to
compositions that tell stories, dramatize situations, express emotions, and analyze and
advocate ideas. Literature enables us to recognize human morality, dream and
struggle in difference ways, time and situations that we would never otherwise know.
There are so mainly three important branches of literature, novel, poetry, and
drama. One of the important branches is novel. Rees’ ( 1973:106 ) stated that novel is
a fictitious prose narrative of considerate length in which characters and action
representative of real life are portrayed in a plot of more or less complexity.
Abrams (1981:20) stated that characters are the persons in a narrative of dramatic
work of art such as novel, play, or film. Who are interpreted by reader as being
enclosed with moral and dispositional qualities that are expressed in what they say –
the dialogue – and what they do – the action. The gerunds in a character’s
temperament and moral nature for his speech and action constitute his motivations.
Based on the explanation, the characters expression through the attitude and every
dialogue has a moral value. Morality of the characters can be positive or negative
side. Through the character, the reader could see the great moral value in the novel. It
can be concluded characters and morality is related.

Universitas Suamtera Utara

1.2 Problem of the Study
Jodi Picoult is the author of sixteen novels, including One New York Times
Bestsellers. In her novel Picoults tells the emotionally riveting story of a family torn,
apart by conflicting needs and passionate love those triumphs over human weakness.
My Sister’s Keeper is the one of her fascinating novel and this novel be come the
bestseller book.
My Sister’s Keeper examines what it means to be a good parent, good sister, and
a good person. Picoult is portraying the characters in such wonderful ways through
the great story about the Fitzgerald families and their lawyer with their central
conflict; and their life that have changed in to worse. Its fascinating character study
framed by a complex, griping story; told in alternating perspective by engaging,
fascinating cast characters. This is a beautiful, hard braking, controversial, and honest
book. It is difficult to find a book combining a timely moral dilemma with welldrawn characters for which one cares. This novel shows a morality of each character.
Morality in this novel can be showed through their attitude, and how the characters
facing their problem in their life. Therefore, by this chance, the writer will be
described the main characters’ morality in Jodi Pcoult’s novel, My Sister’s Keeper.

Universitas Suamtera Utara

1.3 Objective of the Study
The objective of the study is to explain the main characters’ morality in Jodi
Picolut’s novel My Sister’s Keeper: Anna Fitzgerald, Sara Fitzgerald, Brian
Fitzgerald, Jesse Fitzgerald, and Campbell Alexander; whether it is good or bad,
positive or negative, that shown by their attitudes in dealing and solve their problems.

1.4 Scope of the Study
In order to make learners not to be confused in comprehending the massage, the
study is limited to problem by describing only the main characters’ morality; Anna
Fitzgerald, Sara Fitzgerald, Brian Fitzgerald, Jesse Fitzgerald, and Campbell
Alexander. The morality is viewed by the positive or negative value. As a standard
that the man want to share, deal with their problem, with right or wrong, good or bad,
from their attitude; what they do and how they solved their problems, through the
statement and their opinion about the problems.

1.5 Significance of the Study
By writing this paper, I hope can help the English Diploma students to improve
literature study, especially to know how beautiful the characterizations are; through
the characters in Jodi Picoult’s novel, My Sister’s Keeper; to enrich English
comprehension through English literary text. Then it can improve the English
Diploma Student’s interest in studying literature that can enrich our knowledge
especially in literary term.

Universitas Suamtera Utara

2. A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF CHARACTER AND MORALITY

2.1 Description of Character
A novel is a long narrative in literary prose. The genre has historical roots both in
the fields of the medieval and early modern romance and in the tradition of the
novella. The letter supplied the present genetic term in the late 18th Century. To
become part of literary production novels had to address the discussion of art.
(Wikipedia, 8 January 2010,10:15) The construction of the narrative, the plot, the
way reality is created in the work of fiction, the fascination of the character study, and
the use of language are usually discussed to show novel’s artistic merits. Every novel
is an account of life; every novel involves conflict, characters, action, settings, plot
and the theme. An author has a full freedom present characters suitable with what her
work, whoever the person, the social status, the characterization and whatever their
life problems. Most novels are concerned with ordinary people and their problem in
societies where they interact.
Character is the representation of a person in a narrative or dramatic work of art
(such as a novel, play or film). Klara Maio (1999:17) stated that character often
represent the general traits of a group of person or abstract ideas. Medieval allegorical
depictions of characters preferred typification in order to personify vices, virtues, or
philosophical and religions positions.

Universitas Suamtera Utara

There are some definitions of the character. In Webster, English Dictionary
(2000:74) stated that, “Character is the combination of quality that distinguishes an
individual person, group or things; moral strength; reputation; disposition.”
Characters also refer to moral qualities and ethical standards and principles. In
seventeenth and eighteenth-Century England, a character was a formal sketch or
descriptive analysis of a particular virtue or vice as represented in a person.
Edgar V. Roberts and Hendry E. Jacobs (1995:133) stated that fiction usually
focus on one or a few major characters who undergo a change attitude or characters
as they interact with other characters with difficult situation, or with an idea or
general circumstances that force action. The character may win, lose or tie. In fiction,
a character may be defined as a verbal representation of human being. Through
action, speech, description, and commentary, authors portray characters who are
worth caring about, rooting for, and even laving, although there are also characters
you may laugh at, dislike, or even hate.
A character occupies a strategic position to bring and convey massage, moral, or
something that is purposely converged to the reader. Abrams (1985:21) says that
“Characters are the person presented in a dramatic or narrative work, who are
interpreted by the reader as being endowed with moral and dispositional qualities that
are expressed in what they say – the dialogue, and by what they do – the action.” The
gerunds in a characters temperament and moral nature for his speech and action
constitute his emotions. A writers use of speech for character can obviously be very

Universitas Suamtera Utara

important to indicate what that character thinks, feels or believes, speech can be used
to suggest personality as well as intelligence, class and education.
The distinguishing quality called trait or characterization is deferent one character
to another. Each of the character has his or her own traits. Characters may be
ambitious or lazy, serene or anxious, aggressive or tearful, thoughtful or
inconsiderate, open or secretive, confident or self doubting, kind or cruel, quite or
noisy, visionary or practical, careful or careless, impartial or biased, straightforward
or underhanded, “winners” or “losers” and so on.
According to Edgar V. Roberts and Hendry E. Jacobs (1995:135), tell us how
characters disclosed in fiction. There are:
1. Actions
What character does is our best way to understand what they are. As with
ordinary human beings, fictional characters do not necessary understand how they
may be changing or why they do the things they do. Nevertheless, their actins express
their characters. Actions may also signal qualities such as nalvete’, weakness, deceit,
a scheming personality, strong inner or conflicts, or a realization or growth of some
sort.
2. Descriptions, both personal and environmental
Appearance and environmental reveal much about a character’s social and
economic status, of course, but they also tell us about character traits.

Universitas Suamtera Utara

3. Dramatic statements and thoughts
Although the speeches of most characters are functional essential to keep the
story moving along-they provide material from which you can draw conclusions.
Often, characters use speech to hide their motives, though we as readers should see
through their action narrated in the works.

4. Statements by other characters
By studying what characters say about each other, you can enhance your
understanding of the character being discussed. Ironically, the characters doing the
talking often indicate something other than what they intend, perhaps because of
prejudice, stupidity, or foolishness.

5. Statements by the author speaking as story-teller or observer
What the author, speaking with the authorial voice, says about a character is
usually accurate, and the authorial voice can be accepted factually. However, when
the authorial voice interprets action and characteristics, the author himself or herself
assumes the role of reader or critic, and any opinions may be questioned. For this
reason, author frequently avoid interpretations and devote their own conclusions.
From the opinions, can be concluded that there are three ways to disclosed
characters in fiction: by the action, description, and statement or thoughts.

Universitas Suamtera Utara

According to Nurgiantoro, the difference of point of view, and observations,
character can be categorized as follows: Main character and Peripheral character,
Protagonist character and Antagonist character, Simple character and complex
character, Static character and Developing character, Typical and Neutral character.
This paper discusses about main characters’ morality. Therefore, for clarification
of technical terms used in this paper, it concerns with definition of main character and
peripheral character.
A. Main Character
The main character is the central figure of a story. Alternatively, the phrase
denotes a primary advocate of or proponent for a cause or movement. The main
character can be a hero villain in a story – it is just the character with the lead role. As
a rule of thumb, main characters usually have a lot to say and appear frequently
throughout the play. Main character is classified important and kept on performing
that it feels dominating the whole story. Even in certain novels, a main character
always presents in every event and can found in every page of novel concern. The
main character in a novel can be more than one.
B. Peripheral Character
There are some characters that are presented only once or couple times in a story,
and it may be in relative short narration. According to Nurgiantoro (1998: 177) stated
that peripheral is the character that appears once or sometimes in the novel, it may
exist relatively in short portion; and peripheral character usually appears only if there
is any connection with the main character, directly or indirectly.

Universitas Suamtera Utara

2.2 Description of Morality
The description of main characters’ morality in Jodi Picoult’s novel, My Sister’s
Keeper, will be discussed based on the definition of the morality it self.
Webster (2000:300) defined moral is of relating to character and human behavior,
particularly as regards right or wrong; probable, although not certain; psychological
emotional. In addition, Webster (2000:300) defined morality is a moral principles; a
particular system of moral principles.
Morality (from the Latin Moralitas “manner, character, proper behavior”) has
three principal meanings.
In its first, descriptive usage, morality means a code of conduct or set of beliefs
distinguishing between right or wrong behaviors. Descriptive morality does not
explain why any behavior should be considered right or wrong, only that it maybe
classified so. For the most part right and wrong acts are classified as such because
they cause benefit or harm, respectively. However, this is not by any means an allencompassing criterion. It is possible that many moral beliefs are based on prejudice,
ignorance or even hatred.
In its second, normative and universal sense, morality refers to an ideal code of
belief and conduct which would be preferred by the same “moral” person, under
specified conditions. In this “definitive” sense, claims are made such as “killing is
immoral.” While descriptive morality would not necessary disagree that killing is
immoral, it would prefer to say, “Many believe that killing is immoral.” A refined

Universitas Suamtera Utara

adherence to this letter position is known as moral skepticism, in which the
unchanging existence of a rigid, universal, objective moral “truth” is rejected.
In its third usage, morality is synonymous with ethics. Ethics is the systematic
philosophical study of the moral domain, ethics seeks to address questions such as
how a moral outcome can be achieved in a specific situation (applied ethics), how
moral values should be determined (normative ethics), what morals people actually
abide by (descriptive ethics), what the fundamental nature of ethics or morality is,
including whether is has any objective justification (meta ethics), and how moral
capacity or moral agency develops and what its nature is (moral psychology). In
applied ethics, for example, the prohibition against taking human life is controversial
with respect to capital punishment, euthanasia, abortion and wars of invasion. In
normative ethics, a typical question might be whether a lie told for the sake of
protecting someone from harm is justified. In meta-ethics, a key issue is the meaning
of the terms “moral” or “immoral.”
Moral realism would hold that there are true moral statements which report
objective moral facts, whereas moral anti-realism would hold that morality is derived
from any one of the norms prevalent in society (cultural realism); the edicts of a god
(divine command theory); is merely an expression of the speakers’ sentiments
(emotivisim); an implied imperative (universal prescriptivism); or falsely presupposes
that there are objective moral facts (error theory). Some thinkers hold that here is no
correct definition of right behavior, that morality can only be judged with respect to
particular situations, within the standards of particular belief systems and socio-

Universitas Suamtera Utara

historical contexts. This position, known as moral relativism, often cities empirical
evidence from anthropology as evidence to support its claims. The opposite view, that
there are universal, eternal moral truths are known as moral absolutism. Moral
absolutists might concede that forces of social conformity significantly shape moral
decisions, but deny that cultural norms and customs define morally right behavior.
( Wikipedia, 8 January 2010, 10:15).
Based on the explanations, it can be concluded that morality is a human inside
when they have to decide between two or more choices in their life as their thoughts
and feelings; whether it is right or wrong, good or bad.

Universitas Suamtera Utara

3. A BRIEF DECRIPTION OF MAIN CHARACTRS’ MORALITY

There are seven main characters in Jodi Picoult’s novel, My Sister’s Keeper; but
at this chance, the author describes only five main characters in this novel.

3.1 Anna Fitzgerald’s
Anna Fitzgerald is a IVF girl. She was born for a very specific purpose; to save
her sister.
As quoted:
“I was born for a very specific purpose. I wasn’t the result of a
cheep bottle of wine, or a full moon or the heat of moment. I was
born because a scientist managed to hook up my mother’s eggs
and my father’s sperm to create specific combination of precious
genetic material. They doing that because I could save my sister,
Kate.”
(Picoult, Jodi, 2009: 8)

Anna is a smart kid, very strong willed and independent. She is cheerful and a
constant person in Fitzgerald’s families.
As quoted:
“This is not Anna; I am used to struggling with Jesse, to
lightening Kate’s load. But Anna is our families constant. Anna
comes with a smile. Anna tell us about the robin she found with a
broken wing and a blush on its cheek. Anna gives us a
backbeat.”
(Picolt, Jodi, 2009:46)

By age thirteen, she undergoes countless surgeries, transfusion and shots so that
her older sister, Kate can somehow fight the Leukemia that has plagued her since
childhood. the product of priemplantation genetic diagnosis, Anna has conceive as a

Universitas Sumatera Utara

bone marrow match for Kate a life and a role that she has never challenges; until now.
Like most teenagers, Anna is beginning to question who she truly is.
She is determined to get rights to her body but after her parents find out and sees
their reactions, she is not sure if she should continue with the lawsuit.
As quoted:
“My mother holds me tighter. “We’ll talk to the judge and
explained it. We can fix this.” She says. “We can fix anything.”
And because those words are really all I’ve ever wonted to hear.
I nod.”
(Picoult, Jodi, 2009:68)

Anna is a good sister; but sometimes she feel board to be a donor for her sister
and try to escape from her problem. She just wants continuing her life without being a
part of her sister life. She is trying to kill her sister. Sometimes the recollection is so
clear she can remember the itch of pillowcase under her hand, the sharp point of Kate
nose pressing in to her palm. Kate does not stand a chance against her, of course, but
it still does not work. Her father comes and save Kate; and he lead Anna to her own
bed.
As they got older, Anna does not seem to exist, except in relation to Kate. She
could watch Kate sleep across the room from her, one long shadow linking their beds,
and Anna would cont the ways. Poison sprinkles on Kate’s cereal, a wicked undertow
of the beach, Lighting striking. But in the end, though she does not kill her sister.
Kate do it all on her own. At least this is what Anna tells herself.
Anna really love her sister Kate, she will do anything to save her sister life. But
she fall of all terrible feelings, some of which are too awful to speak loud. That she

Universitas Sumatera Utara

want Kate alive, but also she wants to be herself, do not as part of Kate, that she
wants the chance to grow up, even if Kate cannot. Anna thinks that Kate’s death
would be the worst thing that is ever happened to her, and also the best.
As quoted:
“Anna, do you love your sister?”
“Of course.”
“but you were willing to take an action that might kill her?”
“something flashes inside me. “It was so she wouldn’t have to go
through this any more. I thought it was what she wanted.” And I
realize at the moment inside me, something breaks, “it was…it
was I wanted, too.”
(Picoult, Jodi, 2009:462)

Through the problems and the attitude facing her, Anna shows two contradictory
moralities. She shows a good moral value when she do anything to save her sister
life. And when she try to escape from her problems with the wrong ways like trying
to kill her sister Kate. Is immoral thing and she cannot do any immoral thing to her
sister. She can ensure herself by not doing any wrong decision. And she can do it as
the applying of good morality in her life.

Universitas Sumatera Utara

3.2 Sara Fitzgerald’s
Sara Fitzgerald is Anna’s mother. Actually, she is a beautiful women; she has a
long dark hair and the fine collarbones of a princes. But she has a difficult problem in
her life since her eldest daughter had been diagnosed with Acute Promyelocytic
Leukemia (APL), she does not have much free time and it is difficult for her to smile.
As quoted:
“My mother could be beautiful, if she were parachuted into
someone else’s life. She has long dark hair and the fine
collarbones of a princes, but the corner of her mouth turn down,
like she’s swallowed bitter news.”
(Picoult, Jodi, 2009:11)

Sara is distraught to learn her daughter has a potentially fatal illness, and know
the only way to save her life is to have another child who matches Kate’s DNA; this
makes her decide to have another child in the hope that it will do just that. She goes
through IVF to ensure that the child is donor material, this is where the ethics of the
situation are put in to question.
As quoted:
“We sit down on the set at the TV studio. We’ve been invited
here because of our baby’s unorthodox conception. Somehow, in
an effort to keep Kate healthy, we’ve unwittingly become the
poster children for scientific debate.”
(Picoult, Jodi, 2009:121)

She has had a very tough life she has gone through so much storing with the
diagnosis of her daughter Kate to the lawsuit filed against her by Anna. She is to be a
very strong woman considering all she has been though. She tries to love all her

Universitas Sumatera Utara

children; but she loves Anna in a different way than Kate. Sara loves Kate as she
would any child but she loves Anna because she is helping save Kate’s life. She is
more grateful to have Anna instead of actually loving her.
When Anna was born she does not care about Anna how she is look like, the way
she is crying, Sara just care about Kate’s life. When Anna comes out Sara remains the
doctor to take care the umbilical cord and tell him to hurries it out of the room to a
place where it will be cryogenically preserves until Kate is ready for it.
Sara never thinks about Anna’s feelings she just care about Kate’s health. When
the doctor suggest to donor a bone marrow for Kate, without asking permission from
Anna she just have explains to Anna that Kate is not feeling good, and the doctor
need to take something from Anna and give it to Kate to make Kate feel better, Sara
figured that was more than enough information.
As quoted:
“When we have Anna,” I remind Brian, “we know that she was
going to be donor for Kate.”
(Picoult, Jodi, 2009:204)

Sara is too busy being Kate’s mother; and sometimes she is forgetting being Jesse
and Anna’s mother too. All she does is just pay attention to Kate’s health. Kate is her
priority; she has no time for her other child Jesse. Jesse asks her to buy new cleats
after they go to orthodontist. That she has promises before; but Sara tows her promise
because she does not want to leave Kate; because Kate is just return from the

Universitas Sumatera Utara

hospital. Jesse feels disappointed with his mother; he runs up stairs to slam the door
to his bedroom. And when Sara comes to Jesse’s room to do apologize with her son,
she show the blood covers Jesse’s mouth like a vampire.
As quoted:
“I’d like to talk to you. I’d like to apologize.”
“There is a scuffle on the other side of the door, and then it
swings open. Blood covers Jesse’s mouth, a vampire’s lipstick
bits of wire stick out like a seamstress’s pins. I notice the fork he
is holding, and realize this is what he has used to pull of his
braces. “Now you never have to take me anywhere.” He says.”
(Picoult, Jodi, 2009:202)

Actually, Sara is not wrong, as a mother she wants to do the best thing to save her
child. All parents might be doing the same thing as she does. She is realizing that she
is doing a wrong thing but there is no choice for her. She is a parent; she wonder
every single day if she doing the right thing. She wonders if she knows her children
the way she think she does. She wonders she is lose her preventative in being Anna’s
mother, because she is so busy being Kate’s.
Sara realizes this problem is all about fairness; she has a sister too; and she is
often feeling the same; she wants her sibling to have exactly what she has. The same
amount of toys, the same number of meatballs in her spaghetti, the same share of
love. But being a mother is completely different. All parents want their child to have
more than they ever had.

Universitas Sumatera Utara

At the end of the court session Sara being a lawsuit for herself as a Anna’s
mother. She is conscious that the lawsuit is not about Anna, not about Kate or about
donating a kidney. This lawsuit is about having choices. A long time ago, she used to
be a lawyer, but she is not one any more. She is a mother, and what she have done for
the past eighteen years in that capacity is harder than anything she ever had to do in a
courtroom.
As quoted:
“I take a deep breath,” “in my life, though, that building was on
fire, one of my children was in it. And the only opportunity to
save her was to send in my other child, because she was the only
one who knew the way. Did I know I was taking a risk? Of
course. Did I realize it meant may be losing both of them? Yes.
Did I under stand that may be it wasn’t fair to ask her to do it?
Absolutely. But I also knew that it was the only chance I had to
keep both of them. Was it illegal? Was it immoral? Was it crazy
or foolish or cruel? I don’t know. But I do know it was right.
(Picoult, Jodi, 2009:479)

Sara makes a good decision by let Anna doing what she wants; to get her medical
emancipation from her own body. And Anna dies after it. Sara feel regret and
disappointed with her self. She realizes sooner or letters she would be lose one of her
daughter or even both of them.
In solving this problem, Sara’s morality is very needed. The way she faces the
bad reality in her life by making a decisions to accept the death of her daughter need
courage.
Trough this, we can learn how to make the best for someone we loved with our
decision even it is too hard.

Universitas Sumatera Utara

3.3 Brian Fitzgerald’s
The children’s father, he is a fire fighter captain is torn between a rock and hard
place; he likes the myth of the Pawnee Indians and he is so interested with the
astronomy.
As quoted:
“My father like the myth of the Pawnee Indians, who saw the
star delights populated the world; Evening stars and Morning
star hooked up and gave birth to the first female. The first boy
comes from the sun and the man. Humans rode in on the back of
a tornado.”
(Picoult, Jodi, 2009:299).

Brian has a humor sense, he likes making people laugh and he is also a friendly
man.
As quoted:
“It’s fine.” I take the one piece she has managed to dissert from
the roast and cut a smaller bite. I might as well be chewing
leather. “Delicious, I’m just gonna run down to the station and
get a blow torch so that we can serve every one else.”
(Picoult, Jodi, 2009:48)

Brian is a good father he always tries to pay attention to his children as he can.
When he knew his eldest daughter diagnosed APL, he is so sad. And he is became a
fire fighter because one reason he wants to save the people. But he should have been
more specific. He is should be have named names that is his daughter Kate. He
always supports his wife and desire to keep Kate alive and he always give a supports
to Anna when she needed.

Universitas Sumatera Utara

On the other hand, Brian is a independent and responsibility man. He loves his
wife. Brian takes his wife out to dinner to make her feel better and forgets the central
conflict in their family, Kate sickness. He is so responsible, when Sara’s sister give
them a check for $.100, 000 that is costs for a bone marrow. But Brian refuses that
because he has his own reason, Kate is his daughter so he is belong to her. He decides
to find the money by his own way without asking help from someone else.
As quoted:
“I won’t let your sister take care of Kate.” Brian says. “I’m
supposed to take care of Kate.”
(Picoult, Jodi, 2009:287)

Brian always tries to be fair with his children. His love is deferent with Sara, he
loves all his children he loves Kate as she would any child and he loves Anna as he
children too; not as the Kate’s keeper. He gets angry when Sara does not tell the truth
to Anna and when Sara refuses to stay with Anna when she just had bone marrow
transfusion.
Brian faces difficult problem in his life that might be make his family torn apart.
He feels remarkable that while one of their daughters is leading him and his wife in to
a legal crisis, the other is in throes of a medical one but then again, they have known
for quite sometime that Kate’s at the end stages of renal failures. It is Anna this time,
who is thrown them for a loop. Therefore, his son Jesse has pyromania. As a human
being, he always figures it out; and he is manages to deal with both.

Universitas Sumatera Utara

Brian Fitzgerald’s morality is very strong in responsibilities. He believes that he
has to responsible for everything as the consequence of what he did. He tries to full it
whole his life, even if it needs any sacrifice. Being a good parent facing a difficult
problem, take care all of the broken family is not easy for him. The climax of Brian’s
sadness is when he lose his daughter that he loves for a long time, afterwards; he
instead that stars were people who were so well loved they were traced in
constellations, to live forever. He begins works round the clock shift, so he would not
have to come home. And he fell deep into a bottle after Anna’s left him.

3.4 Jesse Fitzgerald’s
Older brother of the two girls, Jesse is reflection of his mother Sara. Jesse is
eighteen and he is feeling abounded, left out and lives in the converted attic flat above
the garage, he is crying out for help in his own way, he sets fires and watches from a
safe distance as they burn; he only done this to unused building.
Jesse seems to have a very rebellious and depressed personality due to the
situation his family has been going through. Because of all attention Kate required,
little attention could given to Jesse. Jesse’s fractionation with fire grows as he mature
and he began to start many large fires in abounded buildings. This shows his
rebellious nature.
Jesse doing a wrong thing to solve his problem; he is so depressed with his family
problem, he often trying to kill him self because he thinks that he is worth a lot more
dead than alive.

Universitas Sumatera Utara

As quoted:
“It would solve a thousands problems if I rolled the Jeep over an
embank met. It’s not like I haven’t thought about it. You know;
on my license. It says I am an organ donor, but the truth is I’d
consider being an donor Morgan. I’m sure I’m worth a lot more
dead than the whole.
(Picoult, Jodi, 2009:112)

Kate gets sick when Jesse in twelve years old, it is not like Kate planed it or
anything, but is happened to be Christmas Eve. He has shuttled over to some
neighbor’s hose last minute, which sucked, because they were having a nice
Christmas Eve with their relatives. And keep whispers about him like he is a charity
case and deaf to boot. Jesse thinks that his parents does not care about him, because
he cannot do anything to save Kate’s life; and he feels that Anna is on their radar,
because she pays in to their plan for Kate.
Jesse is not absolutely doing a wrong thing; he just wants to take the attention
from the people around him. He is showing a negative morality to solve his problem.
Jesse feel lonely he has no friends and his parents does not care about him at all. He
often trying to do something stupid just for one reason; he just wants to be noticed.
Jesse wants to prove that he is not disappears.

Universitas Sumatera Utara

As quoted:
“I would up that day at the middle of the intersection, smack
under the traffic light, with taxies breaking and a car swerving
off to the left and a pair of cops running to keep me from getting
killed. At the police station, when my dad come to get me, he
asked what the hell I’d be thinking.”
“I hadn’t been think, actually, I was just trying to get to a place
where I’d be noticed”
(Picoult, Jodi, 2009:298)

Fitzgerald families were absurd because of Kate sickness. Their parents spent all
the time to take care of Kate’s health. Jesse often gets a present from his parents that
he never asks for one; it is like a guilt gift over the years he gets quite a few of those
big-ticket items. It is usually in conjunction with one of Kate’s episodes. And since
Anna usually involves, she is gets some amazing present too. Then a week later his
parents would feel bad about the unequally and would buy him some toy to make
sure he does not feel left out.
On the other hands Jesse showing a positive morality too. Jesse loves his sister, he
care about them but he does not show it directly. When Anna got confuse about her
decision, Jesse gives her a support and tells Anna, she is not doing a wrong thing.
When his parents were at court with Anna, he decides to stay in the hospital to take
care his other sister, Kate. Jesse cannot stand seeing Kate’s condition he feels mashed
about it. Jesse hopes he can save his sister’s life.

Universitas Sumatera Utara

As quoted:
“it’s not fair, but Kate knows that. It doesn’t take a whole long
life to realize that what we deserve to have, we rarely get. I stand
up, with that lightning blot branding the lining of my throat,
which makes it impossible to swallow, so everything gets backed
up like a dammed river. I hurry out of Kate’s room and far
enough down the hall where I won’t disturb her, and then I lift
my list and punch a hole in the thick white wall and still this isn’t
enough.”
(Picolt, Jodi, 2009:391)

Through this problem, Jesse can prove that he has a good morality too; he cares
with his sisters. And when Anna dies, and his families trying to become like a normal
families; Jesse reform his attitude. He graduates from the police academy. And he
win a citation from the mayor for his role in a drug bust.

3.5 Campbell Alexander
Campbell is Anna lawyer. A man with mysteries of his own, has his own “service
dog” Judge, but he is not blind and always covers up the real reason why he needs
him, with different excuses all the time.
As quoted:
“The waiter reaches into his back pockets and hands me a plastic
card. “here’s the barely menu.”
I want a double espresso and two croissants, and I’m not blind.’
“then what the dog for?”
“I have SARS.” I say. “he is tallying the people infect.” The
waiter count seems to figure out it I am joking.”
(Picoult, Jodi, 2009:91)

Universitas Sumatera Utara

Campbell is a rich man he lives in a apartment it is a work of art; sleek and
minimalist. There is the best that money can buy. He is a handsome man. He has a
black hair and he is tall is about sex feet; his eyes look frozen over.
As quoted:
“Campbell Alexander comes in too; he is got black hair and he is
at last as tall as my dad. Six feet-with a right angle jaw and eyes
that look frozen over.”
(Picoult, Jodi, 2009:19)

Campbell has wonderful brain and an excellent job. His father is a federal judge;
and he is graduates from Wheeler school. It is factory pumping out debutantes and
future investment bankers. He is the one of famous lawyer in Providence. He ever
wills to litigate against God. That is why Anna choice him to be her Lawyer.
Campbell helping Anna sues her parents for rights to her own body, but he seems to
be doing it for the wrong reasons. He seems to be selfish and he wants to help Anna
just for money. As Anna leaves his office after their first meeting, Campbell
converses with his secretary.
As quoted:
“you can’t expect the kid to expect a kid for herself.” I head back
into my office. Judge follow pausing just inside the threshold.
“It’s no my problem.” I say.”
(Picoult, Jodi, 2009:29)

Universitas Sumatera Utara

Campbell is so ambitious he will be do anything to gets what he want. He ask the
judge to brings Sara rid away from Anna because he is afraid Sara will be persuades
Anna, and brainwash Anna. And Campbell thinks that Brian Fitzgerald is his lock.
Once the judge realizes that at least one of Anna’s parents agrees with her decision to
stop being a donor for her sister, granting her emancipation would not be quite as lead
a leap.
Campbell gets angry with Anna when she decides to stop her petition and she
refuses to testify in the courtroom. Because Campbell afraid if Anna do not testify,
they will be lose. But Anna still refuses to testifying and Anna asks Campbell to find
another way to win. And it makes Campbell more angry with her.
As quoted:
“I stand up and dumping full cup of coffee into the trash. ‘well
then,’ I tell her. ‘Don’t expect me to be able to change your
life!’”
(Picoult, Jodi, 2009:416)

After understands the problem; Campbell realize that he is going a wrong thing.
He realizes that this lawsuit has never about Anna wanting her sister to die, but
simply that she wants a choice to live. And Campbell feels that Anna remind him of
himself; sooner or letter he becomes Anna’s friend. Anna thought that Campbell is
the people would be able to understand her.
Finally, Anna decides to testify in the courtroom. When Anna was testifying
Campbell fallen to the floor because of his seizure is comes. And all the people in the

Universitas Sumatera Utara

courtroom becomes shocks. At last Campbell, tell the truth about what the dog for
that is a seizure dog. The dog get him somewhere safe before it happens; and he is
usually have about twenty minutes lead time.
After all, of the court session, Campbell wins the chase, and the judge asks
Campbell to assume medical power of attorneys for Anna until age eighteen. And
when Anna had died he is very sorry about that.
Through this problem, Campbell can prove that he has a good morality too.
Campbell’s morality is he wants to be Anna’s lawyer and he is do not care about win
or lose he realize that this courtroom is about quality of live versus the sanctity of
live. And Campbell believes that morals is more important than ethics and love more
important than law. Finally, Campbell leaves the best thing for him and changes it
with the best for everyone is a good thing which has a good moral value by not to be
selfish.

Universitas Sumatera Utara

4. CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION
4.1 Conclusion
After portraying the main characters’ morality in Jodi Picoult’s novel, My Sister’s
Keeper. I have found what is the main characters’ morality in My Sister Keeper and
relation between characterization and morality.
Morality is a human inside when they have to decide between two or more
choices in their life as their thoughts and feelings; whether it is right or wrong, good
or bad.
In this paper I have explain five main characters in the novel My Sister’s Keeper.
Namely Anna Fitzgerald’s, Sara Fitzgerald’s, Brian Fitzgerald’s, Jesse Fitzgerald’s
and Campbell Alexander. Anna’s morality has two contradictory moralities that
interfere. She has a good moral value when she keeps her sister’s until the end of the
time and she loves her families and do not let them torn apart. The bad one comes
when Anna tried to escape from her problems by doing an immoral thing. Sara
Fitzgerald gives a bad morality when she is forces Anna to keep being a donor for her
sister Kate and she is too busy being Kate’s mothers and has no time being Anna and
Jesse’s mothers too. Brian Fitzgerald’s gives a good morality by his responsibilities.
He believes that he has to be responsible for everything at the consequence of what he
has done. Jesse Fitzgerald’s has bad moral value; to solve his problems he is doing a
wrong thing. Campbell Alexander can prove that he has a good morality by put aside
his ego. He can leave the best thing for him, his dream, and changes it with the best
thing for everyone.

Universitas Sumatera Utara

The novel My Sister’s Keeper shows the level of morality of each character. The
morality level of main characters’ is different from each other. The same central
conflict but it has different solvation and different attitudes bring Anna, Sara, Brian,
Jesse, and Campbell in to a different level of morality. The important thing is how
they bring and use their heart, thought, and feelings to choice the negative or positive,
the good and bad one as their morality.
The characterization is related with the morality. If the characters’ have a good
characterization, they usually have a good value in their morality. Because the way
people act and think is effected by their characterization. If the characterization is bad
or not good as same as the way they think and act. Their characterizations affect their
attitude, when they deal with their problems in their life as their morality.

Universitas Sumatera Utara

4.2 Suggestion
Jodi Picoult explores a complex subject with bravo and clarity, and comes up with
heart wrenching. My Sister’s Keeper is the one of her greatest novels. It becomes One
New York Times Bestsellers. It enriches our knowledge and opens our eyes about
other problems we find in daily life. For example, a fairness, a responsibilities, and
contradictions in our life; by reading a novel, readers may get other information that
they cannot find from other books. Besides Picoult also conveys a massage for the
reader through her novel, My Sister’s Keeper, that difference people have a different
morality. In novel My Sister’s Keeper we can learn some lessons we can see every
pe

Dokumen baru

PENGARUH PENERAPAN MODEL DISKUSI TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN TES LISAN SISWA PADA MATA PELAJARAN ALQUR’AN HADIS DI MADRASAH TSANAWIYAH NEGERI TUNGGANGRI KALIDAWIR TULUNGAGUNG Institutional Repository of IAIN Tulungagung

119 3984 16

PENGARUH PENERAPAN MODEL DISKUSI TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN TES LISAN SISWA PADA MATA PELAJARAN ALQUR’AN HADIS DI MADRASAH TSANAWIYAH NEGERI TUNGGANGRI KALIDAWIR TULUNGAGUNG Institutional Repository of IAIN Tulungagung

40 1057 43

PENGARUH PENERAPAN MODEL DISKUSI TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN TES LISAN SISWA PADA MATA PELAJARAN ALQUR’AN HADIS DI MADRASAH TSANAWIYAH NEGERI TUNGGANGRI KALIDAWIR TULUNGAGUNG Institutional Repository of IAIN Tulungagung

40 945 23

PENGARUH PENERAPAN MODEL DISKUSI TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN TES LISAN SISWA PADA MATA PELAJARAN ALQUR’AN HADIS DI MADRASAH TSANAWIYAH NEGERI TUNGGANGRI KALIDAWIR TULUNGAGUNG Institutional Repository of IAIN Tulungagung

21 632 24

PENGARUH PENERAPAN MODEL DISKUSI TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN TES LISAN SISWA PADA MATA PELAJARAN ALQUR’AN HADIS DI MADRASAH TSANAWIYAH NEGERI TUNGGANGRI KALIDAWIR TULUNGAGUNG Institutional Repository of IAIN Tulungagung

28 790 23

KREATIVITAS GURU DALAM MENGGUNAKAN SUMBER BELAJAR UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KUALITAS PEMBELAJARAN PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM DI SMPN 2 NGANTRU TULUNGAGUNG Institutional Repository of IAIN Tulungagung

60 1348 14

KREATIVITAS GURU DALAM MENGGUNAKAN SUMBER BELAJAR UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KUALITAS PEMBELAJARAN PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM DI SMPN 2 NGANTRU TULUNGAGUNG Institutional Repository of IAIN Tulungagung

66 1253 50

KREATIVITAS GURU DALAM MENGGUNAKAN SUMBER BELAJAR UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KUALITAS PEMBELAJARAN PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM DI SMPN 2 NGANTRU TULUNGAGUNG Institutional Repository of IAIN Tulungagung

20 825 17

KREATIVITAS GURU DALAM MENGGUNAKAN SUMBER BELAJAR UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KUALITAS PEMBELAJARAN PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM DI SMPN 2 NGANTRU TULUNGAGUNG Institutional Repository of IAIN Tulungagung

32 1111 30

KREATIVITAS GURU DALAM MENGGUNAKAN SUMBER BELAJAR UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KUALITAS PEMBELAJARAN PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM DI SMPN 2 NGANTRU TULUNGAGUNG Institutional Repository of IAIN Tulungagung

41 1350 23