INTRODUCTION An Analysis on English Textbook Entitled Bahasa Inggris “When English Rings a Bell” for the Eighth Year Students of Junior High School Based on the 2013 Curriculum.

CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION

A. Background of the Study
Textbook is needed by the teachers and the students in teaching and
learning process. Buckingham (1958) in Tarigan (1986:11) defines
“textbooks as the tools of study that are common used at schools and colleges
to support a teaching program”. Bacon (1935) in Tarigan (1986:11) also
argues that “textbooks are books which are designed to be used in the class
accurately compiled and prepared by the experts or experts of the field and
compiled with appropriate teaching tool”. From those definitions, we can
conclude that textbooks are needed in teaching-learning process.
English as a foreign language must be known and understood by students
from kindergarten to university. They need a textbook to support their
learning. English textbooks support the teachers to provide materials, because
teachers are demanded to provide various material creatively. They also help
the students to understand the lessons more clearly not only the teacher`s
instruction but also the students` own desire.
There are many publishers that try to provide textbooks in various style
and setting which are compiled based on the curriculum implemented in
Indonesia. Even Ministry of Education and Culture of Indonesia also provides
English textbook entitled Bahasa Inggris “When English Rings the Bell”.
The Ministry of Education and Culture also provides the Teacher Book to

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guide the teacher . Because of the various textbooks provided, teacher must
establish a textbook which is appropriate with the learners` need.
Although many textbooks are published, teachers still must select which
one is the most suitable textbook to be used. Cunningsworth (1995: 5)
emphasizes that “no coursebook designed for a general market will be
absolutely ideal for particular group of learners”. Therefore, analyzing
textbook is needed to get a textbook which is appropriate with the leaners`
need. And the best textbook for learners and teachers is a textbook which is
suitable with the curriculum implemented in Indonesia, the 2013 Curriculum.
The Ministry of Education and Culture of Indonesia has decided that
Education in Indonesia must implement the 2013 Curriculum. Developing the
previous curriculum, the 2013 Curriculum is a further step of competency
based curriculum development that has been initiated in 2004 and the School
Level-based Curriculum in 2006, which includes competency of attitude,
knowledge, and skills integratedly. Therefore, the design of curriculum is also
changed from teacher-centered to student-centered. In the learning process,
the 2013 Curriculum adopts scientific approach that is designed to make
students construct concepts and principles actively through some steps. The
steps are observing, questioning, collecting information, associating, and
communicating.
The clearest and most common material to support language instruction
comes through textbook. A textbook is a suitable tool to support teachers and
students in teaching and learning procces. Textbook is the best seen as a

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source in achieving aims and objectives that have already been set in terms of
learners` need (Cunningsworth,1995:7). It means that a textbook is a material
design for teaching and learning process in order to increase and develop the
learners` knowledge and experience.
From the explanation above, the researcher wants to analyze a textbook
whether it is relevant or not to the 2013 curriculum especially a textbook for
the eighth year students of junior high school entitled “An Analysis on
English Textbook Entitled Bahasa Inggris “When English Rings A Bell” for
the Eighth Year Student of Junior High School Based on the Basic
Competences of the 2013 Curriculum”.

B. Problem Statement
Based on the background of the study, the researcher formulates the
problems as follows.
1. Which themes of the English textbook entitled Bahasa Inggris “When
English Rings a Bell” are appropriate with the basic competences of the
2013 Curriculum?
2. Does the material in the English textbooks entitled Bahasa Inggris
“When English Rings a Bell” conform to the basic competences of the
2013 Curriculum?

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C. Limitation of the Study
In this research, the researcher limits the research on analyzing English
textbook for eighth year student of Juinor High School entitled Bahasa
Inggris “When English Rings a Bell” published by the Ministry of
Education and Culture of Indonesia.

D. Objective of the Study
Based on the problem statement above, the researcher states the
objectives of this research are :
1. to identify the themes of English textbooks entitled Bahasa Inggris “When
English Rings a Bell” which are appropriate with basic competence the
2013 Curriculum.
2. to know wheather the material of English textbook entitled Bahasa Inggris
“When English Rings a Bell” conform to the basic competences of the
2013 Curriculum.

E. Significance of the Study
The researcher hopes the result of this research can contribute to evaluate
English textbook that might give suggestions to the publisher in compiling an
English textbook. Besides, the result of this research can help the teacher to
consider the suitable textbook which is appropriate with the learners` need.
The researcher expects this research can help other researcher in
conducting research dealing with analyzing English textbook based on the

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2013 curriculum. In addition, the knowledge of this research can be useful for
readers who wants to analyze textbook based on the basic competences of
2013 Curriculum.

F. Research Paper Organization
The researcher divides this research paper in order to make it easier to
understand. This research consists of five chapters.
Chapter I is introduction. This chapter deals with background of the
study, problem of the study, limitation of the study, objective of the study,
significance of the study, research paper organization.
Chapter II is review of related literature. This chapter consists of
previous study, notion of textbook, criteria of a good English textbook, English
textbook Bahasa Inggris “When English Rings A Bell”, the 2013 curriculum,
textbook analysis.
Chapter III deals with Research Method. In this chapter, the researcher
presents type of the research, data, source of the data, method of collecting
data, technique for analyzing data.
Chapter IV is research finding and discussion. In this chapter, the
researcher presents the research finding and discussion.
Chapter V is conclusion and suggestion. The researcher draws the
conclusion and proposes the suggestion from the result of the research.

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