DAFTAR ISI
halaman
HALAMAN JUDUL...................................................................................

i

LEMBAR PENGESAHAN ........................................................................

ii

LEMBAR PERNYATAAN .......................................................................

iii

ABSTRAK ..................................................................................................

iv

KATA PENGANTAR ................................................................................

v

UCAPAN TERIMA KASIH ......................................................................

vii

DAFTAR ISI ............................................................................................... ix
DAFTAR TABEL ....................................................................................... xii
DAFTAR GAMBAR ..................................................................................

xv

DAFTAR LAMPIRAN ...............................................................................

xvi

BAB I PENDAHULUAN
A. Latar Belakang Masalah ....................................................................

1

B. Rumusan Masalah ..............................................................................

9

C. Tujuan Penelitian ................................................................................

10

D. Manfaat Penelitian ..............................................................................

10

E. Definisi Operasional ............................................................................

12

F. Hipotesis Penelitian ............................................................................

14

BAB II KAJIAN PUSTAKA
A.Hakekat Pembelajaran Matematika ......................................................

15

B. Penalaran dan Komunikasi Matematik .............................................. 17
C.Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif ...........................................................

24

.................................................................................................................. D.
Pembelajaran Think-Pair-Share ................................................................

28

E.Teori Belajar yang Mendukung.............................................................

30

F.Pembelajaran Matematika dengan Model TPS

32

G. Penelitian yang Terkait .......................................................................

38

BAB III METODE PENELITIAN
A. Desain Penelitian ................................................................................

40

B. Populasi dan Sampel Penelitian ..........................................................

41

C. Instrumen Penelitian ...........................................................................

42

1.Tes Kemampuan Penalaran dan Komunikasi Matematik .................

42

a. Validitas .......................................................................................

45

b. Analisis Reliabilitas ....................................................................

47

c. Analisis Daya Pembeda ..............................................................

49

d. Analisis Tingkat Kesukaran .......................................................

51

2. Skala Sikap ......................................................................................

53

D. Analisi Data ........................................................................................

54

1. Analisis Data Kuantitatif ................................................................

54

2. Analisis Data Kualitatif ..................................................................

58

E. Prosedur Penelitian .............................................................................

59

1. Tahap Persiapan ..............................................................................

59

2. Tahap Pelaksanaan Penelitian .........................................................

59

59

b. Skenario Pembelajaran ................................................................

61

BAB IVHASIL PENELITIAN DAN PEMBAHASAN
A. Hasil Penelitian ...................................................................................

64

1. Analisis Data Pretes Kemampuan Penalaran dan
Komunikasi Matematik ..................................................................

64

2. Analisis Data Postes Kemampuan Penalaran dan
Komunikasi Matematik ..................................................................

70

a. Kemampuan Penalaran Matematik .............................................

73

b. Kemampuan Komunikasi Matematik .........................................

76

3. Analisis Gain Kemampuan Penalaran dan
Komunikasi Matematik ..................................................................

78

a. Kemampuan Penalaran Matematik .............................................

81

b. Kemampuan Komunikasi Matematik .........................................

83

4. Analisis Hubungan Antara Kemampuan Penalaran dan
Kominikasi Matematik Siswa ........................................................

85

5. Sikap Siswa Terhadap Proses Pembelajaran Melalui
Model TPS Analisis Asosiasi Kemampuan Penalaran dan

Komunikasi Matematik Siswa Berbantuan Sketchpad ..................

87

B. Pembahasan ..........................................................................................

90

1. Peningkatan Kemampuan Penalaran dan
Komunikasi Matematik ..................................................................

90

a. Think vs Konvensional ...............................................................

90

b. Pair vs Konvensional .................................................................

93

c. Share vs Konvensional ..............................................................

95

96

2. Kemampuan Komunikasi Matematik .............................................

97

a. Pair Vs Konvensional ................................................................

98

b. Share Vs Konvensional .............................................................

99

3. Hubungan Antara Kemampuan Penalaran dan
Kemampuan Komunikasi Matematik .............................................

100

4. Sikap Siswa Terhadap Proses Pembelajaran
Melalui Model TPS Berbantuan Sketchpad ..................................

101

BAB V KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN
A. Kesimpulan .........................................................................................
B. Saran ...................................................................................................

103
103

DAFTAR PUSTAKA ................................................................................
LAMPIRAN
LAMPIRAN A: INSTRUMEN PENELITIAN ..........................................
LAMPIRAN B: ANALISIS HASIL UJI COBA TES MATEMATIKA ....
LAMPIRAN C: ANALISIS DATA HASIL PENELITIAN.......................
LAMPIRAN D: ANALISIS DATA SKALA SIKAP DAN
OBSERVASI ..............................................................................................
LAMPIRAN E: UNSUR-UNSUR PENUNJANG PENELITIAN .............

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