IMPROVING THE EIGHTH GRADE STUDENTS’ LISTENING COMPREHENSION ACHIEVEMENT BY USING DICTATION TECHNIQUES AT SMPN I LEDOKOMBO IN THE 2009-2010 ACADEMIC YEAR

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IMPROVING THE EIGHTH GRADE STUDENTS’ LISTENING
COMPREHENSION ACHIEVEMENT
BY USING DICTATION TECHNIQUES AT SMPN I LEDOKOMBO
IN THE 2009-2010 ACADEMIC YEAR

THESIS

Presented as one of the requirement to obtain the degree of S1
As the English Education Program of the Language and Arts Department
of the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education

by
JESICA FRESTIN D.
NIM.030210401084

ENGLISH EDUCATION PROGRAM
THE FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION
JEMBER UNIVERSITY
2010

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1. My beloved parents, Willis Sunarto and Yetty Sulastri, thanks for your great

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3.4.1 Table of Validity of Listening Test Items Presented

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DEDICATION
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MOTTO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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LIST OF TABLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

vii

ca.cid.id CONSULTANTS’ APPROVAL
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1.2

Problem of the Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Objective of the Research
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2.5

The Use of Dictation to Improve Students’ Listening Comprehension . . 15

2.6

a c.
c.
.aj.a
The Procedure
Teaching
Listening Using Dictation
nejof
nej. j.a . . . . . . . . . . . .

16

2.6.3 Correcting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

17

Research Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

18

3.4.1 Listening Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

21

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3.1

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3.5

Data Analysis Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

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IV.hRESEARCH
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Success Criteria
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4.1

The Action in the Cycle One . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

27

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4.2

The Action in the Cycle Two . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

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h Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . h. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .h. . . . . . 32
V. CONCLUSIONS AND SUGGESTIONS

c.idid

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ca.cid.id REFERENCES
ca.cid.id
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APPENDICES
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5.2 Suggestions
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5.1

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ca.cid.id
ca.cid.id
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aj.ca.ci .id Research Matrix
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Supporting
Data
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hhttplan Cycle 1 Meeting 1
Lesson

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SUMMARY

Improving the Eighth Grade Students’ Listening Comprehension Achievement
By Using Dictation Techniques at SMPN 1 Ledokombo in the 2009-2010
Academic Year; Jesica Frestin Delvita, 030210401084; 2010: 37 pages; English
Education Program, Language and Arts Department, Faculty of Teacher Training
and Education, Jember University.

Dictation is an ancient technique in teaching language. It is one of interesting
ways to improve the students’ listening comprehension achievement. Based on the
observation done in SMPN I Ledokombo, it was found that the students were
interested in studying English, but they found difficulties in listening. The eighth
grade students’ listening score was low, the students made mistakes in answering the
questions from the teacher, like inappropriate vocabulary, wrong spelling, could not
catch the content of the text, and they also could not distinguish the pronunciation
well. Further, the dictation technique was once applied by the teacher but not
optimally. In this school, there are four classes and each class has about 40 students.
However, there was only one class that was chosen purposively, that was class VIIIB,
which consists of 40 students. The researcher selected this class based on the
observation during the listening activity that was conducted by the researcher as the
English teacher at this school. It was found that less than 75% students did not
achieve the minimal score that is 64 based on SKM (Standard of minimum passing–
grade or requirement). Considering the problem above, this research was undertaken
to solve the students’ problem by using dictation techniques as a technique in
teaching listening.
The procedures of teaching listening using dictation according to Davis and
Rinvolucri (1988: 8-10), are: choosing the Text, and applying dictation. In this
classroom action research, the technique was divided into note taking and partial
dictation/cloze dictation. Those two techniques were used in each cycle. There were

xii

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