Af À rmative Sentences + Negative Tags Negative Sentences + Af À rmative Tags

110 Developing English Competencies f or Grade XII of Language Programme 1. Parking is dif À cult here, isnt it? Yes it is. 2. Taxis here are expensive, arent they? Yes, they are. 3. Houses arent cheap these days, are they? No, they arent. 4. This town has terrible traf À c, doesnt it? Yes, it does. 5. They should make gambling illegal, shouldnt they? Yes they should. • The sentences above are the sentences with tag question. Isnt it? are they? and doesnt it? are tag questions mini questions which we put at the end of sentences. • In tag questions we use auxiliary verbs. Grammar Review Tag Questions A tag question is a question added at the end of a sentence. Speakers use tag question primarily to make sure their idea, belief, or opinion is correct or to seek agreement. A. Af À rmative Sentences + Negative Tags Statements Responses 1. The traf À c is really bad, isnt it? 2. You can speak in a public, cant you? 3. They are really good presenter, arent they? 1. Yes, it is. 2. Yes, I can. 3. Yes, they are. Statements Responses 1. She doesnt agree with your opinion, does she? 2. They shouldnt be smoking in public places, should they? 3. They dont speak very clear, do they? 1. No, she doesnt. 2. No, they shouldnt. 3. No, they dont. B. Negative Sentences + Af À rmative Tags Read and study the following sentences. Pay attention to the italicised words and its information. Activity 5 Di unduh dari : 111 Let ’ s Have a Debat e Add tag questions to the following sentences. 1. Prices these days keep going up, ? 2. Education should not be expensive, ? 3. The traf À c is really getting, ? 4. Everyone can learn how to be a good presenter, ? 5. It isnt easy to speak in public, ? 6. Something is wrong with this paper, ? 7. They are really good and powerful public speakers, ? 8. You can drive a car on a free way, ? 9. Lets have breakfast at my apartment today, ? 10. Theres something wrong with his speech, ? 1. There is too much violence on TV. 2. Children want to buy everything they see on commercials. 3. Television can be harmful to childrens eyes. 4. TV exposes children to different countries, cultures, and ideas. 5. Children see a false picture of human relationships. 6. Children can learn about science, history, and the arts. 7. Educational programmes teach children basic skills such as reading and writing. 8. TV gives children free and interesting entertainment. Make a list of some controversial issues in your school or city. Write eight statements using tag questions. Then take turns reading your statements while others respond. Work in pairs and discuss the following sentences about television and children. Some of the sentences support the opinion that TV is good for children. Other sentences support the opinion that TV is bad for children. Example: A : Todays pollution is really terrible, isnt it? B : Yes it is. I think we should reduce it, shouldnt we? A : Yes, we should do something to reduce it. B : ... Activity 6 Activity 7 Activity 8 Di unduh dari : 112 Developing English Competencies f or Grade XII of Language Programme A class seminar is a student discussion in which they exchange ideas and information. The participants of the seminar are divided into groups. Each group presents a different topic. The speaker of each group guides the question and answer session after the presentation. Questions: 1. Have you ever conducted a presentation in a class seminar? 2. What should you prepare before the presentation? 3. Have you ever written a paper for a seminar or presentation? 4. Do you know how to write a good paper for presentation? Now, write about children and television for the school newsletter. What is your opinion? Is TV good or bad for children? Give clear reasons to support your opinion. Study the following information and answer the questions. Read and study the following steps to write a paper. Pay attention to the information. Then rewrite it using your own words. A paper consists of three parts: 1. Introduction It consists of general statements and thesis statements. The general statement introduces the topic of the paper and gives background information of the topic. Meanwhile, the thesis statement states the main topic, lists the subdivision of the topic, and often indicates the organisation of the paper. 2. Body It elaborates the main topic into subtopic in each paragraph. The body should be presented in an order so that the paper will be easily understood. 3. Conclusion It is a summary of the points of the paper. It also contains your À nal statement about the issues concerned in the paper. Activity 9 Activity 10 Activity 11 Di unduh dari : 113 Let ’ s Have a Debat e Now, write a short paper for presentation. Use the following steps for your guideline. New Horizon Presentation aids are an excellent way to enhance a speech. They can assist in keeping the audience engaged, explaining complex ideas, and adding some variety to the speech. These are some of presentation aids: 1. OHP 2. LCD Projector 3. Screen 4. Board 5. Television or Video Steps to Write a Good Paper 1. Choose the topic of your paper Choose a topic you are interested in and you have adequate information of. The more you know about the topic you choose, the better. 2. Identify the information sources There are many reference sources available now. They are encyclopedias, books, journals, magazines and newspaper. Find the sources in printed form from CD-ROMS programmes or from the Internet. 3. Create an outline Provide an outline for your paper by organizing the information from the sources you have into topics, subtopics, details, and sub details. Use such as organization, such as: I. topic A. subtopic 1. detail a. sub detail 4. Write a rough draft Write a rough draft of your paper using your outline. Use numbered footnotes to acknowledge sources from which you take quotations or major ideas. 5. Revise the Rough Draft Make any changes to assure that your ideas are clearly conveyed. Be sure that you have written the paper using spelling and grammar accurately. 6. Preparing Bibliography Make a list of all sources you have used in gathering information for the paper. The bibliography cards will help you in providing the list of the sources. Activity 12 Di unduh dari : 114 Developing English Competencies f or Grade XII of Language Programme

1. Language Functions