Research Instruments The Form and Source of Data

They are ethnography, phenomenology, case study, textual analysis, and applied research. In this research, the researcher applied textual analysis since he referred to the theories which were presented in the previous chapter to analyze the data. Thus, the theories played as the guidance in analyzing the data. Then, the techniques of data analysis are presented as follows: 1. after being collected, the data were categorized into several types of figurative language; 2. the researcher described the lexical and syntactic structures of each datum; 3. the researcher analyzed and interpreted each datum to answer the research questions; 4. the researcher reported the findings of the research through textual description; and 5. finally the researcher drew the conclusion. Table 1. The Sample of Data Sheet of Figurative Language, Lexical Structure, and Syntactic Structure in Barack Obama’s Second Inaugural Address No. Sentence Figurative Language Lexical Structure Syntactic Structure Explanation Si m M tp Pe r M tn Pa r H yp Sy n W rd Ph r Cl s S m p C m x C m p 1. We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal. √ N P √ It is synecdoche because the word “all men” actually refers to not only men, but also all human beings men and women Note: Sim : Simile Mtp : Metaphor Per : Personification Mtn : Metonymy Par : Paradox Hyp : Hyperbole Syn : Synecdoce Wrd : Word Phr : Phrase Cls : Clause Smp : Simple Cmx : Complex Cmp : Compound

F. The Trustworthiness of Data

To achieve the trustworthiness of the data, the researcher applied triangulation. Moleong 2001: 178 says that triangulation is a technique to check the trustworthiness of the data using something outside the data for checking or comparing the data. According to Denzim in Moleong, 2001: 178 there are four main types of triangulation, they are by sources, by methods, by observers, and by theories. This research used one of those four types of triangulation which was done by observers. In other words, in applying triangulation, the researcher asked three students as the other observers to verify the data. Besides, during triangulation the researcher had repeated the observations several times and consulted the result to his two consultants.