Sim : Simile
Mtp : Metaphor
Per : Personification
Mtn : Metonymy
Par : Paradox
Hyp : Hyperbole
Syn : Synecdoce
Wrd : Word
Phr : Phrase
Cls : Clause
Smp : Simple
Cmx : Complex Cmp : Compound
F. The Trustworthiness of Data
To achieve the trustworthiness of the data, the researcher applied triangulation. Moleong 2001: 178 says that triangulation is a technique to
check the trustworthiness of the data using something outside the data for checking or comparing the data. According to Denzim in Moleong, 2001: 178
there are four main types of triangulation, they are by sources, by methods, by observers, and by theories.
This research used one of those four types of triangulation which was done by observers. In other words, in applying triangulation, the researcher asked
three students as the other observers to verify the data. Besides, during triangulation the researcher had repeated the observations several times and
consulted the result to his two consultants.
FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION
This chapter presents the research findings based on the research objectives. This research has two objectives; they are to reveal and explain the use of
figurative language in Obama’s second inaugural address, and to identify the lexical and syntactic structures of the sentences in which the figurative language is
used. The result of this research is explained in details in the discussion section.
In this section, the researcher provides a table showing the frequency related to the types of figurative language as well as the lexical and syntactic structures.
The frequency provides the information of how often each type of figurative language is used in
Obama’s second inaugural address. It also shows how the types of figurative language are employed, whether in the form of words, phrases
or clauses. It can also be seen from the table that the figurative language is employed in simple, complex, and compound sentences.
Table 2. The Frequency of Types of Figurative Language, Lexical Structure, and Syntactic Structure
of Barack Obama’s Second Inaugural Address
No. Types of
Figurative Language Lexical Structure
From the table above, it can be seen that although the frequency of the occurrences is never the same from one type to another, Obama employs all types
of figurative language. The most frequent type of figurative language is metaphor. There are 16 occurrences out of the total 51 data. On the other hand, simile
constitutes the least frequent type of figurative language. Obama only employs one simile in his second inaugural address. As for the other types of figurative
language, they occur about 3- 10 times in Obama’s second inaugural address.
The frequency of the lexical structure shows that there are 6 data in the form of word, 29 data in the form of phrase, and 16 data in the form of clause. From the
6 data which are in the form of word, there are 4 nouns and 2 adjectives. Then, the 29 data in the form of phrase are employed in 2 types of phrase. They are noun
phrase and prepositional phrase. Specifically, there are 24 data in the form of