CODE SWITCHING USED BY SUPER JUNIOR IN THE ALBUM SEXY, FREE & SINGLE

CODE SWITCHING USED BY SUPER JUNIOR IN THE ALBUM SEXY,
FREE & SINGLE

THESIS

By:
TINUK MEI DYAWATI
09360301

ENGLISH DEPARTMENT
FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION
UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG
2014

i

CODE SWITCHING USED BY SUPER JUNIOR IN THE ALBUM SEXY,
FREE & SINGLE

THESIS

By:
TINUK MEI DYAWATI
09360301

ENGLISH DEPARTMENT
FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION
UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG
2014

ii

CODE SWITCHING USED BY SUPER JUNIOR IN THE ALBUM SEXY,
FREE & SINGLE

THESIS
This thesis is submitted to meet one of the requirements to achieve Sarjana
Degree in English Education

By:
TINUK MEI DYAWATI
09360301

ENGLISH DEPARTMENT
FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION
UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG
2014

iii

This thesis writen by Tinuk Mei Dyawatiwas approved on January, 27th2014.

By:

Advisor II.

Advisor I.

Drs.MunashFauzie Anwar, M.M

Dr.Masduki, M.Pd

iv

This thesis was defended in front of examiners of the Faculty of Teacher
Training and Education of University of Muhammadiyah Malang and
accepted as one of the requirements to achieve
Sarjana degree in English Education
on January, 27th 2014

approved by:
Faculty of Teacher Training and Education
University of Muhammadiyah Malang
Dean,

Dr.PoncojariWahyono, M.Kes

Examiners:

Signatures:

1.

Dr.Sudiran, M.Hum

1. ............................................

2.

Rahmawati KhadijahMaro,S.Pd, M.PEd 2. ............................................

3.

Dr.Masduki, M.Pd

4.

Drs.MunashFauzie Anwar, M.M

3. ............................................
4. ............................................

v

Motto and Dedication

“B ersegeralahterhadapsesuatu yang bermanfaatbagimu, danjanganlahmerasalemah.”
( Al-Hadist )

“ K arenasesungguhnyasesudahkesulitanituadakemudahan.Sesungguhnyasesudahkesulitanit
unadakemudahan”
( QS. Asy-Syarh: 5-6)

“ H anyakepadaEngkau-lah kami menyembahdanhanyakepadaEngkau-lah kami
mohonpertolongan.”
(QS. Al-Fatihah: 5)

This thesis dedicated to my beloved;
Father and mother who always support me to finish this thesis. To my brother who
always supports me. To my beloved someone who always support me to finish this
thesis.For all my friends and for all the reader of this thesis.

vi

Acknowledgements
Alhamdulillah, praised to God Allah SWT, the almighty and merciful. By the
guidance blessing, the writer can finish this thesis. My sholawat and salam will
always be give to the beloved Our prophet Muhammad SAW who has brought us
from the darkness to the lightness era, namely Islam.
First of all, I would like to convey my deep thankful to the Almighty God, Allah
SWT.
To share my depth and thank, I would sincere appreciate the following individuals
from whom I received valuable thinks from beginning up to the last process of
writing this thesis, they are:
1. My best father who inspired me to do the best and always be patient (Mujiono).
My mother who always gives me love, advice, prays and supports (Ngatinah).
My brother who always give supports and advices (Nobita Ozzora).
2. My First advisor Dr.Masduki, M.Pd the biggest to her for worthy advice and
suggestion, helpful correction to complete and finish this thesis.
3. My second advisor Drs.Munash Fauzie Anwar, M.M for worthy advice and
suggestion, helpful correction to complete and finish this thesis.
4. My wonderful part of my life who always cherish and adore me (A’an Hadi
Ridwan).
5. My friends: cicitcuitss and my classmate E2 (for share anything and this project),
my friends from kossahabat who always give supports and kindness (especially,
Anna Faramida and Maya Anggita), and all of my friends that I can’t mention all.

Malang,

Tinuk Mei Dyawati

vii

CODE SWITCHING USED BY SUPER JUNIOR IN THE ALBUM SEXY, FREE &
SINGLE
ABSTRACT
This study aimed to analyze code switching in the album sexy, free & single by
super junior. It answered the following research problems: 1) what kinds of code
switching are found in the super junior songs? 2) What is the meaning of code
switching employed in super junior’s song? This study purpose to find the kind of
code switching and meaning of code switching found in Super Junior songs”Sexy,
Free, & Single album”.
The design of this research was descriptive qualitative. The instrument used was
popular culture document, namely audio recording. Based on the data analysis, it was
found three kinds of code switching used in super junior songs. There were intersentential code switching, intra-sentential code switching, and tag-switching. The
writer found the meaning of code switching employedused that were by super junior
in bahasaindonesia.
It is expected that this study can be used for sociolinguistic teacher to give material
with real-life proof. For the student, this study can be used as information in
understanding code switching and the example of code switching. For future
researchers, the writer hopes that they can find code switching in other form.
Key words: (code switching. Super junior. Song)

Advisor I

Malang, Januari 2014

Dr.Masduki, M.Pd

Tinuk Mei Dyawati

viii

TABLE OF CONTENTS

APPROVAL .................................................................................................

i

LEGALIZATION .........................................................................................

ii

MOTTO AND DEDICATION......................................................................

iii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ..........................................................................

iv

ABSTRACT .................................................................................................

v

TABLE OF CONTENT ................................................................................

vi

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of Study...............................................................................

1

1.2 Statement of Problem ..............................................................................

4

1.3 Research Objective .................................................................................

4

1.4 Significance of the Study ........................................................................

4

1.5 Scope and Limitation ..............................................................................

5

1.6 Definition of key Terms ..........................................................................

5

CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1 Sociolinguistic ........................................................................................

6

2.2 Language ................................................................................................

7

2.3 Bilingualism............................................................................................

7

2.4 Codes ......................................................................................................

8

2.5 Code Switching .......................................................................................

9

2.5.1 Kinds of Code Switching ......................................................................

10

2.6 Meaning ..................................................................................................

12

2.6.1 Kinds of Meaning .................................................................................

12

2.7 Song as Literary Works ...........................................................................

13

CHAPTER III RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research Design......................................................................................

ix

14

3.2 Approach ................................................................................................

14

3.3 The Object of the study ...........................................................................

15

3.4 Data of study ...........................................................................................

15

3.5 Data Collection and Research Instruments...............................................

15

3.5.1 Data Collection ...................................................................................

15

3.5.2 Research Instruments ...........................................................................

16

3.6 Data Analysis .........................................................................................

17

CHAPTER IV FINDING AND DISCUSSION
4.1 Research Findings ...................................................................................

18

4.1.1 The Type of Code Switching in Super Junior Songs .............................

18

4.1.2 The Meaning of code switching employed by Super Junior ..................

33

4.2 Discussion...............................................................................................

37

CHAPTER V CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION
5.1 Conclusion ..............................................................................................

40

5.2 Suggestion ..............................................................................................

40

5.2.1 For the lecturer ....................................................................................

40

5.2.2 For the students ...................................................................................

41

5.2.3 For future researchers ..........................................................................

41

REFERENCES
APPENDIX

x

REFERENCES
Chaer, Abdul dan Leonie Agustina. 2004. Sosiolinguistik Perkenalan Awal. Jakarta:
PT Rineka Cipta
Fong, Choy Wai. 2011. Functions and Reasons for Code- Switching on Facebook by
UTAR English-Mandarin Chinese Bilingual Undergraduate. Thesis. Kuala
Lumpur . Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman.
Hamidah, F.N. 2011. A Study of Code Mixing found in Bukan Empat Mata Program
Trans 7 Television Channel. Skripsi tidak di publikasikan. Malang:
Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang.
Hidayati, Lilik. 2006. A Study on Code Switching Employed by the Psicolinguistics
Lecturer in Teaching at English Department of University of UMM. Skripsi
tidak di publikasikan. Malang: Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang.
Kurniawati, Ekaningtyas. 2007. The Comparison of Figurative Language between
Duran Durans song lyrics “ (Reach up for the) Sunrise” and The Killer’s song
Lyrics “Mr.Brightside”. Skripsi tidak di publikasikan. Malang: Universitas
Muhammadiyah Malang.
Marasigan, Elizabeth. 1983. Code-switching and Code Mixing in Multilingual
Societies. Singapore; Singapore University Press.
Wardhaugh, Ronald. 2002. An Introduction
Kingdom:Blackwell Publising Ltd

to

Sociolinguistics.

United

Mardikasari, H.E.2011. the Analysis of Code Mixing Found in Advertisement
Broadcasting in Radio Elfara FM Malang. Skripsi tidak di publikasikan.
Malang: Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang.
Maś, Małgorzata. 2007. Gramatical and Ohonological Outcome of Bilingual
Encounter: Code-Switching by Poles in the US and Germany. Bielefeld.
University of Bielefeld.
Pranoto, Cokro Dwi 2008 an Analysis of Code Mixing Used in “Empat Mata”
Program Trans TV. Skripsi tidak di publikasikan. Malang: Universitas
Muhammadiyah Malang.
Putri, Riska Trianda. 2012. Study the Use of Code Switching Employed by EYL
Teacher in English Class of SD Muhammadiyah 9 Malang. Skripsi tida di
publikasikan.Malang: Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang.
Quinn, Edward. 2006. Dictionary of Literary and Thenatic Terms. United State of
America: Newburry House.

xi

Rahardi, Kunjana. 2001. Sosiolinguistik Kode dan Alih Kode. Yogyakarta; Pustaka
Pelajar.
Rahmawati, Dyah.2011. an Analysis of Code Switching in Cinta Laura Song’s.
Skripsi tidak di publikasikan. Malang: Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang.
Sugiyono. 2010. Metode Penelitian Pendidikan. Bandung; Alfabeta.
Velásquez, Maria Cecilia. 2010.Language and Identity: Code-Switching in SpanishEnglish Interviews. Thesis. Toronto: University of Toronto.
Wardhaugh, Ronald. 2006. An Introduction
Kingdom:Blackwell Publising Ltd.

to

Sociolinguistics.

United

Yletyinen, Hanna. 2004. The Function of Code Switching in EFL Classroom
Discourse. Thesis. Jyväskylä: Jyväskylä.
Kearns, Kate. 2000. Semantics. New York: ST.Martin’s Press LLC.
Filip,

hana. 2008. What
(www.semantics.com).

is

semantics,

what

is

meaning.

(online),

Hardiyanto. 2008. Semantik. (online),(www.semantik.com).
Ligghter, J. E. 1994. Dictionary of American Slang Volume1. New York: Random
House.
Makkai, Adam, Boatner.M.T, Gates.J.E.1995. A Dictionary of American Idioms
Thirrd Edition. Barron’s Educational Series, Inc.
Sabilah, Fardhini. 2003. The Introduction of Sociolinguistics. Modul. Malang: UMM
Pres.
Mesthrie, Rejend., Joan Swann., Andrea Deumert. And William L. Leap. 2000.
Introducing Sociolinguistics. Edinburgh University Press.
Echols, John M ., Hassan Shadily. 1992. Kamus Inggris Indonesia. Jakarta: PT
Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
Amalia, Atika. 2012. A Study of Code Mixing Found in Rubric Celeb of Aneka Yess
Magazine. Skripsi tidak dipublikasikan. Malang: Universitas Muhammadiyah
Malang.
Hermanto, Rudy. 2006. Figurative Language in GN?R Lyric Songs. Skripsi tidak
dipublikasikan. Malang: Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang.

xii

CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
In this chapter, the writer presents background of this study, statement of
problem, research objective, and significance of the study, scope and limitation, and
definition of key terms.
1.1 Background of the study
Language has functions for communication and interaction among society.
Almost all people have at least two languages; a mother language or local language
and also national language. Language is very important to make good relationship
with other person. Some people did not use conversation or speech for
communication, but they use gesture for communicate each other. Language is a
system of arbitrary conventionalized vocal, written, or gesture symbols that enable
members of given community to communicate intelligibly with one another and
system of arbitrary verbal symbol (Wardhaugh, 1997 in Hidayat, 2006).
According to Weinrich (1982), “The practice of alternatively using two languages is
will be called bilingualism, and the person involved bilingual. Unless otherwise
specified, all remarks about bilingualism apply as well to multilingualism, the
practice of using alternately three or more”. In bilingual or multilingual societies,
people may create certain codes because people want to make the communication run
well.

1

2

Code is a term for any variety of language, usually stressing the linguistic rules
that under pin the variety (Mesthrie, 2000:490 in Mardikasari, 2011). Code may be
also called a language. It refers to language or variety of a language. There are two
kinds of codes. They are code mixing and code switching. Thelander (Cokro, 2008)
differentiates code switching from code mixing. If utterance is switched from one
language to another language supporting a distinctive function, it is called code
switching. Conversely, if an utterance, either phrase or clause, consists of a clause or
phrase does not support a distinctive function, it is called code mixing.
The phenomenon of code switching happens not only in local language and
national language, but also in another country. In Indonesian, the people are usually
bilingual and even multilingual. They use local language in their area. They use
national language in other area. In the other hand, they use international language if
they speak with foreigners. Sometimes they switch more one language in one
conversation. Code switching is the alternate use of two languages or linguistic
varieties within the same utterance or during the same conversation (Hoffmann,
1991:110 in Putri, 2009).
Nowadays, the use code switching is very diverse, both in speech or conversation
and written form. We can find in conversation or speech such as actors, presenters,
singers like Daniel Mananta, Agnes Monica, Cinta Laura, and etc. Meanwhile, the
written form we can find in media, for example status in Facebook and twitter,
newspaper, text books and lyric of songs.
Songs can be media for listening, because English songs consist of vocabulary,
grammar, pronunciation, and literary works, especially code switching. There are a

3

lot of songs containing code switching. Song’s components such as sounds in rhythm,
lyric, and counterpoints, which are sounds and lyric, are famous for any people in this
world.
Creating attractive teaching and learning atmosphere is significant to do by a
teacher. The objective is making variation in delivering material for the students, so
that it can be understandable. In addition, the use of song is helpful to cover limited
of the teacher in teaching and attract the students to be focus of material.
Furthermore, using the media as a tool to help educational process can improve
students’ motivation in study. Moreover, it also can reduce the stress which can
disturb education process. A song can be introduced into lesson in order to make the
lesson easier to be memorised and understood by the students, so the song can be an
alternative education.
The previous research has been done by the students at University of
Muhammadiyah Malang, Rahmawati (2011). Shows that 32 of code switching were
divided in 3 kinds of code switching. The kinds of code switching are; Intra-sentential
code switching found 15 items; Inter- sentential code switching 11 items; and
Emblematic found 6 items. The previous research shows that the phenomenon code
switching happens in the lyric of songs. And, the most dominant kinds of code
switching used by the analysis is intra-sentential code switching. The difference about
this previous research with the writer research is the previous research found three
kinds of code switching used by Hoffmann (1991), that is, inter-sentential code
switching, intra-sentential code switching, and emblematic. Whereas the writer

4

analysis will find three kinds of code switching used by Poplack (1980), that is, intersentential, intra-sentential, and tag-switching.
The writer wants to analyze code switching employed in super junior song in an
album “sexy, free, & single”, because this songs is interesting. This songs becomes
teenagers favourite songs because it can be enjoyed to listen, it also consist of good
dance, good style, and good face. super junior is boy band is the most influential in
the world boy band k-pop. Super junior has fans spread evenly across the whole
world and all information related to super junior is very interesting for the talks.

1.2 Statements of problems
1. What are the kinds of code switching found in Super Junior songs?
2. What are the meanings of code switching employed in Super Junior’s song?

1.3 Research objective
1. To find kind of code switching are found in super junior songs
2. To find the meaning of code switching employed in super junior songs.

1.4 Significance of the study
Theoretically, this is expected to add the study of sociolinguistics, especially in
term of code switching. Practically, this study is hope to increased English
department students understanding about the phenomenon of code switching Koreans
songs.

5

1.5 Scope and limitation
Scope: the scope of the study focused on the use of code switching only lyric of
super junior song’s, Sexy, Free & Single, From U,

Gulliver, Now, Rock star,

Butterfly, and Day Dream.
Limitation: this analysis is limited on the songs taken from the third album that is
Sexy, Free and Single that was released in 2010. This album consists of ten songs,
and the writer focused in the seven songs that related with code switching.

1.6 Definition of key terms
There are several key terms used in this study. The writers define the key terms as
follows:
Code is a term for any variety of language, usually stressing the linguistic rules
that underpin the variety (Mestrie, 2000)
Code switching is a phenomenon in language usage of a bilingual speaker who
speaks a language and then switches to the other one (Sabilah, 2000).
Album is one or more recordings issued together; originally released on 12-inch
phonograph record and later on cassette audiotape and compact.
Super junior is the name of a boy band from Korean. Their songs consists of
sociolinguistics. Mostly, their song containing code switching.


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