The Analysis of Compound Sentence Found in the Jakarta post Newspaper

THE ANALYSIS OF COMPOUND SENTENCE FOUND IN
THE JAKARTA POST NEWSPAPER

A PAPER

BY
DONI RAMADANI
REG. NO. 082202009

UNIVERSITY OF NORTH SUMATERA
FACULTY OF CULTURE STUDIES
DIPLOMA III ENGLISH STUDY PROGRAM
MEDAN
JUNE 2011

Universitas Sumatera Utara

It has been approved by
Supervisor,

Dra. Dra. Hartisari, M.A
NIP. 195803301983032002

Submitted to Faculty of Culture Studies, University of North Sumatera
in partial fulfillment of the requirements for DIPLOMA (D-III) in English

Approved by
Head of Diploma III English Study Program,

Dr. Matius C.A. Sembiring, M.A
NIP: 19521126198112 1 001

Approved by the Diploma III of English Study Program
Faculty of Culture Studies, University of North Sumatra
As a paper for the Diploma (D-III) Examination

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Accepted by the Board of Examiners in partial fulfillment of the requirements for
the D-III of Examination of the Diploma III of English Study Program, Faculty of
Culture Studies, University of North Sumatera.

The examination is held on……….2011

Faculty of Culture Studies, University of North Sumatera
Dean,

Dr. Syahron Lubis, M.A
NIP: 19511013197603 1 001

Board of Examiners

Signature

1.

Dr. Matius C.A. Sembiring, M.A.(Head of ESP)

2.

Dra. Hartisari, M. A

(Supervisor)

3.

Drs. Bahagia Tarigan, M. A

(Reader)

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AUTHOR'S DECLARATION

I am DONI RAMADANI, declare that I am the sole author of this paper. Except
where the reference is made in the text of this paper, this paper contains no
material published elsewhere or extracted in whole or in part from a paper by
which I have qualified for or awarded another degree.

No other person’s work has been used without due acknowledgement in the main
text of this paper. This paper has not been submitted for the award of another
degree in any tertiary education.

Signed :
Date

…………..

:

Universitas Sumatera Utara

COPYRIGHT DECLARATION

Name

: DONI RAMADANI

Title of Paper

: THE ANALYSIS OF COMPOUND SENTENCE FOUND IN
THE JAKARTA POST NEWSPAPER

Qualification

: D-III/Ahli Madya

Study Program : English

I am willing that my paper should be available for reproduction at the discretion
of the Librarian of the Diploma III English Department Faculty of Culture Studies
USU on the understanding that users are made aware of their obligation under law
of the Republic of Indonesia.

Signed : …………….
Date

:

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ABSTRAK

Judul kertas karya ini adalah The Analysis of Compound Sentence Found in the
Jakarta post Newspaper. Dalam kertas karya ini, penulis membahas tentang
definisi dari kalimat, jenis-jenis kalimat, dan penggunaanya dalam berkomunikasi
dan menurut tata bahasa inggris yang benar. Kertas karya ini terdiri dari lima Bab,
yaitu Bab pertama adalah Pendahuluan yang berisikan latar belakang penelitian,
pembatasan dan perumusan masalah, tujuan dan manfaat penelitian. Bab kedua
adalah, Landasan Teori yang berisikan dasar-dasar teori tentang kalimat. Bab
ketiga membahas tentang tipe-tipe dari kalimat. Bab keempat adalah Analisis dan
Hasil yang merupakan bab yang berisikan analisis kalimat-kalimat majemuk yang
diperoleh dari Koran Jakarta post dan mencari jenis kalimat majemuk yang paling
dominan digunakan. Penulis memberikan hasil analisis dalam bentuk persentase
untuk setiap jenis kalimat majemuk dan total keseluruhan kalimat majemuk
diberikan sebagai perbandingan untuk mengetahui jenis kalimat majemuk yang
paling dominan atau paling sering digunakan. Hasilnya adalah, kalimat majemuk
yang paling sering muncul dalam Koran Jakarta Post adalah kalimat majemuk
dengan konjungsi koordinat “tetapi” dengan rincian persentase dari total seluruh
data yang berjumlah 39 kalimat. Pada bab terakhir yaitu bab kelima, kesimpulan
dan saran, berisikan tentang penjelakan mengenai hasil analisis yang diperoleh
dari bab keempat dan sekaligus berisikan tentang saran-saran yang diberikan
untuk pembaca atau penulis lain yang mengambil topik penelitian yang sama.

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ABSTRACT

The title of this paper is The Analysis of Compound Sentence Found in the
Jakarta post Newspaper. In this paper, the writer explains about the definition
of sentence, the kind of sentences, and the uses in the communication and
based on the right English Grammatical. This paper contains five chapters, the
first chapter contains the introduction, the scope of study, the significance of
study,
the purpose of study and the method of study. The second chapter
contains the based theory of sentence. The third chapter discusses about the types
of sentence. The fourth chapter contains the analyzing and the result which it
contains the analyzes of the compound sentences found in the Jakarta Post
Newspaper and find the most dominant using of compound. The writer gave the
result of analysis in the percentage form to every compound and complex
sentence with different conjunctions and the whole of compound and complex
sentence were given as the comparison to know the kind of compound and
complex sentence with different conjunctions which the most using. And the
result is, the most appear of compound sentence in the Jakarta Post Newspaper are
the compound sentence with conjunction but with the percentage of the whole
data 39 sentences. The last chapter is the five chapter which contains the
conclusion and suggestion, contain the explanation the result of analyzes from the
chapter 1, 2, 3, and 4 to the reader or another write who choose the same topic.

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent and the Most Merciful. First of
all, I would like to say thanks to Allah as the Owner of the entire things on the
Earth. There is none co-equal or comparable unto Allah, the One. I will never
forget to remember and Shalawat to the Last Prophet Muhammad as the massager
of Allah to bring Dienul Islam to be Rahmatan Lil’Alamin.
First of all, I would like to thank and praise to the Almighty God for
blessing and giving me health, strength and ease to accomplish this paper as one
of the requirements to get Diploma III certificate from English Department
Faculty of Culture, University of North Sumatera.
Then, I would like to express a deep gratitude, love, and appreciation to:


My beloved parents SAAT and GEMI, for loving, caring, and for their
support. Thanks for being my inspiration mom. My sister and brother
RENI SUSIANI and SUSANTO. Thank you for all your motivations,
advices, prays, loves and financial. I present this paper for you.



Dr. Syahron Lubis, M.A as the Dean of Faculty of Culture studies,
University of North Sumatera.



Dr. Matius C. A. Sembiring, MA as the Head of English Diploma Study
Program, who gives me a lot of knowledge.



Dra. Hartisari, M. A as my supervisor and Drs. Bahagia Tarigan, M.
A as my reader. Thank you for the valuable time in giving the correction
and constructive critics in completing this paper.

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All lecturers in English Diploma Study Program for giving me advices and
knowledges.



My special friend, Joko Hadi Sunawan, thanks for supporting me
morally, financially, spiritually, in completing this paper.



Brother Andre Sitepu, thanks for being my sisters and best friends too. I
will never forget your kindness to me.



My best friends: Lenni, Yolanda, Agnes, Erwin Sipahutar, and
Maria Margaret, Lenny Simanjuntak and all of my friend in English
Diploma III A and B. Thank you for your support, cares and other things
that help me to complete this paper. Thank you for the nice friendship
during our study. I will be missing the days we spent together.

Medan, ….……………. 2011
The writer,

Doni Ramadani
Reg. No. 082202009

Universitas Sumatera Utara

TABLE OF CONTENTS

AUTHOR’S DECLARATION ...........................................................

i

COPYRIGHT DECLARATION ........................................................

ii

ABSTRAK ..........................................................................................

iii

ABSTRACT ........................................................................................

iv

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ................................................................

v

TABLE OF CONTENTS ....................................................................

vi

1.

INTRODUCTION .......................................................................

1

1.1 Background of The Study.......................................................

1

1.2 The Problem of Study ............................................................

2

1.3 The Scope of Study ................................................................

2

1.4 The Purpose of The Study ......................................................

2

1.5 Significance of The Study ......................................................

3

1.6 The Method of The Study.......................................................

3

2. A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF SENTENCES ..............................

4

2.1 The Definition of Sentences....................................................

4

2.2 The Kind of Sentences ............................................................

4

3. THE TYPES OF SENTENCES ....................................................

7

3.1 Simple Sentence .....................................................................

7

3.1.1 Subject ..........................................................................

9

3.1.2 Predicate .......................................................................

10

3.2 Simple Subject and Simple Predicate ......................................

11

3.3 Compound Sentence ...............................................................

11

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3.4 Complex Sentence ..................................................................

12

3.5 Compound-Complex Sentence ...............................................

13

3.6 The Uses of Simple, Compound and Complex Sentence .........

14

DATA AND ANALYSIS DATA ...................................................

17

4.1 Data........................................................................................

17

4.2 Analysis Data ........................................................................

17

CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION ..........................................

24

5.1 Conclusion ............................................................................

24

5.2 Suggestion ............................................................................

24

REFERENCES ...................................................................................

25

4

5

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ABSTRAK

Judul kertas karya ini adalah The Analysis of Compound Sentence Found in the
Jakarta post Newspaper. Dalam kertas karya ini, penulis membahas tentang
definisi dari kalimat, jenis-jenis kalimat, dan penggunaanya dalam berkomunikasi
dan menurut tata bahasa inggris yang benar. Kertas karya ini terdiri dari lima Bab,
yaitu Bab pertama adalah Pendahuluan yang berisikan latar belakang penelitian,
pembatasan dan perumusan masalah, tujuan dan manfaat penelitian. Bab kedua
adalah, Landasan Teori yang berisikan dasar-dasar teori tentang kalimat. Bab
ketiga membahas tentang tipe-tipe dari kalimat. Bab keempat adalah Analisis dan
Hasil yang merupakan bab yang berisikan analisis kalimat-kalimat majemuk yang
diperoleh dari Koran Jakarta post dan mencari jenis kalimat majemuk yang paling
dominan digunakan. Penulis memberikan hasil analisis dalam bentuk persentase
untuk setiap jenis kalimat majemuk dan total keseluruhan kalimat majemuk
diberikan sebagai perbandingan untuk mengetahui jenis kalimat majemuk yang
paling dominan atau paling sering digunakan. Hasilnya adalah, kalimat majemuk
yang paling sering muncul dalam Koran Jakarta Post adalah kalimat majemuk
dengan konjungsi koordinat “tetapi” dengan rincian persentase dari total seluruh
data yang berjumlah 39 kalimat. Pada bab terakhir yaitu bab kelima, kesimpulan
dan saran, berisikan tentang penjelakan mengenai hasil analisis yang diperoleh
dari bab keempat dan sekaligus berisikan tentang saran-saran yang diberikan
untuk pembaca atau penulis lain yang mengambil topik penelitian yang sama.

Universitas Sumatera Utara

ABSTRACT

The title of this paper is The Analysis of Compound Sentence Found in the
Jakarta post Newspaper. In this paper, the writer explains about the definition
of sentence, the kind of sentences, and the uses in the communication and
based on the right English Grammatical. This paper contains five chapters, the
first chapter contains the introduction, the scope of study, the significance of
study,
the purpose of study and the method of study. The second chapter
contains the based theory of sentence. The third chapter discusses about the types
of sentence. The fourth chapter contains the analyzing and the result which it
contains the analyzes of the compound sentences found in the Jakarta Post
Newspaper and find the most dominant using of compound. The writer gave the
result of analysis in the percentage form to every compound and complex
sentence with different conjunctions and the whole of compound and complex
sentence were given as the comparison to know the kind of compound and
complex sentence with different conjunctions which the most using. And the
result is, the most appear of compound sentence in the Jakarta Post Newspaper are
the compound sentence with conjunction but with the percentage of the whole
data 39 sentences. The last chapter is the five chapter which contains the
conclusion and suggestion, contain the explanation the result of analyzes from the
chapter 1, 2, 3, and 4 to the reader or another write who choose the same topic.

Universitas Sumatera Utara

1. INTRODUCTION
1.1

The Background of Study
Language is one of the important things in human’s life, it plays a great

role in human’s communication or in interacting to the others. By using the
language, people can express their feelings or get some informations. As the part
of culture, language has the rules which have to be followed by its users, for
example, the roles of sentences including simple sentence, compound sentence,
complex sentence, etc.
A sentence is a verbal structure that reflects something about the world. It
puts words in relation in order to map our understanding of the sensible structure
of the things. If we think any further along this line, we will be in the realm of the
linguistics philosophy, so let us keep the simple things. A sentence is a unit of
expression; it arranges the part of speech to mirror a perception or an
understanding. Word clusters named nominal, verbal, adjective, and adverbial are
combined to form the sentence. For example, we will use the sentence although
there is no general agreement on what a sentence really is.
The language used in the newspaper is to present the grammar and the
exact meaning of the language. And the compound sentence in the newspaper
plays the important rule in the sentence in order to make the reader understand the
idea of its contains. So in this occasion, the writer will try to make a brief of
Compound sentence found in the Jakarta post newspaper which is taken in the
daily newspaper. “The Jakarta Post newspaper” is one of the English Newspaper
in Indonesia.

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1.2

Problem of Study

The writer would like to formulate the problems:
1. Most of people who want to communication in English do not understand
about the compound sentence and when we must use the compound sentence.
2. It is very often of the non-native speakers of English misinterpreted the
compound sentence. So they can not catch the idea of compound sentence.
3. To find out the types of sentence used in Jakarta Post Newspaper.

1.3

The Scope of Study
When we want to discuss about the compound sentence there will be a

problem of things to be discussed. As we know there are many kind of sentences
which are very important to study, but it is certainly impossible to explain them
one by one in this paper. Therefore on this occasion the writer wants to be limited
this discussion just focused in the compound sentence.

1.4

The Purpose of Study
The purpose of the study is to show the readers the pattern of the

compound sentence, to find out any types of the compound sentence used in the
Jakarta Post Newspaper and make the learners understand the usage of simple,
compound, complex and the compound-complex sentences. The writer also
wishes that the readers will know and understand about the kind of sentences and
when we must use them. And the writer really hopes that the learners can use
them correctly based on the English structure in the studies or in the daily
conversation.

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1.5

The Significance of Study
By writing this paper, the writer hopes that the learners can improve their

knowledge about English especially about the sentence and they can control it or
make it better when they connect to the others. In addition, the writer believes that
this paper can enrich the knowledge to the person who wishes to study about
English and it can be one of the literature materials for the knowledge’s
development.

1.6

The Method of Study
The method was applied for this writing is the library research. To

complete this paper, the writer will collect all the required data from the Jakarta
post Newspaper was published on Monday, November 15, 2010 at page 1, page 2
and Page 3. So it means that data are written in the Jakarta Post Newspaper.
In order to get the percentage of compound sentences that mostly occur in
the Jakarta Post Newspaper, the following formula from Nawawi (1991; 150) will
be used:
X

x 100% = N

Y
N = Number of compound sentences
Y = Total number of all data
N = Percentage of the compound sentences

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2. A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF SENTENCES
2.1 Definition of sentence
A sentence is a group of words which make a statement clearly (it may a
request, question, command, wishes or imperative) and it can be followed by a
period, question mark and imperative mark. The sentence contains the subject,
predicate, object and complement. The subject of the sentence includes the noun
or pronoun that does the thing as shown by the verb. Manurung (2007:58) says
that a sentence is a group of words that make sense to the reader or hearer,
contains both subject and predicate (verb) that expressed clearly or implied.
2.2 The Kind of Sentences
The sentences can be divided into four based on the kind, which each kind
have the different functions and pattern in English. The four kind of sentences are
Declarative, Interrogative, Imperative, and Exclamative sentence.
Declarative Sentence
The declarative is the sentence which is stated in the statement. The
declarative sentence ends with a period mark (.). The declarative sentence can be
divided into two: Affirmative Sentence and Negative sentence.
Affirmative sentence is a sentence which stated the positive statement.
Examples:
-

He sometimes comes late the school.

-

You must obey the traffic lights.

-

Benjamin Franklin has made the important contributions in many areas.

-

The sun rises in the East.

-

Netty gave me a digital camera for my birthday.

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Negative sentence is the sentence which stated the denial statement.
Examples:
-

He is not at school.

-

She is not my English teacher

-

I never eat the bread every morning

-

I do not understand what you are talking about.

-

My parents are not work at the farm now.

Imperative Sentence
The imperative sentence is the sentence which states the command or
prohibition. The imperative sentence ends with a period (.) or an exclamation
point (!).
Examples:
-

Don’t make a noise!

-

Fasten your seatbelts when the sign is illuminated.

-

Give Anto a digital camera for his wedding party.

-

Please, throw the rubbish into its place.

-

Do your homework by yourself!

-

Do not smoke in this area!

-

Do not bring your pets in this hotel.

Interrogative Sentence
The interrogative sentence is the sentence which asks a question and it
needs an answer. The interrogative sentence can be divided into two: Yes/No
Question and Informative Question.

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Yes-No Question is a question that needs an answer with yes or no.
Examples:
-

Do you speak English or Germany?

-

Do your parents give you the permit to go Bukit Lawang?

-

Do you go to the supermarket with me in the evening?

-

Did your mother go back from the office?

-

Does she come to the office on time?

The informative Question is a question that needs the information as the answer.
Examples:
-

What did your father say to you last week?

-

Where do you buy that computer?

-

Why do you come to the school late?

-

What did Ayu give to Budi for his birthday?

-

How long have you been in that company?

Exclamative Sentence
The exclamative sentence is the sentence which expresses a feeling of an
amazement, a surprise or even a compliment of something.
Examples:
-

What a good watch she received for her birthday!

-

What a difficult question it is!

-

What a beautiful picture it is!

-

What a lovely purse it is!

-

How nice your new bag it is!

-

What a good shoes it is.

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3. THE TYPES OF SENTENCE
A sentence in English is traditionally described as a simple sentence, compound
sentence, complex sentence, or compound-complex sentence which they have
their own functions and their own pattern in English.
3.1 Simple Sentence
The simple sentence is a sentence which contains the subject and the
predicate and it has a complete meaning.
A simple sentence has a single subject and verb.
Examples:
-

The girls dance.
S
V

-

Most of the students like to study English.
S
V

-

David eats the durians.
S
V

-

They walk to the school every day.
S
V

-

The teacher teaches English.
S
V

-

My Mother went to Bali last month.
S
V

A simple sentence may have more than one subject.
Examples:
-

Dani and Budi study English together.
S
S
V

-

My father and my brother work at the farm.
S
S
V

-

The wind and water dried my hair.
S
S
V

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-

Yani and her friend went to theater last Monday.
S
S
V

A simple sentence may have more than one verb.
Examples:
-

The naughty boy took and stole my money.
S
V
V

-

He always studies and does his homework.
S
V
V

-

The woman smiled and waved to me.
S
V
V

-

The headmaster called and punished the naughty students.
S
V
V

-

My father flew to Camp David and began work on the subject.
S
V
V

A simple sentence may have several subject and verb.
Examples:
-

Doni, and Anto lubricated my motorcycle, filled the oil filter and washed my
S
S
V
V
V
motorcycle.

-

The lecturer and the dean make a new rule and applied it to the campus rules.
S
S
V
V

-

Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus station before noon and left on the bus
S
S
V
V
before I arrived.
V

-

The President and his advisors flew to Camp David and began work on the job
S
S
V
V

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3.1.1 Subject
The subject of a sentence is a noun (it may the names of the person, place,
thing or idea) or pronoun (they, we, he, she, I, you and it) that do the things as
shown by the verb. The subject of the sentence usually comes first but sometimes
it put after the predicate.
Examples:
-

My money were stolen by the robber

-

The robber stole my money.

In the first sentence (which it is in the passive voice), my money is the subject
while the second sentence (active voice) the robber is the subject and my money is
the object.
-

John broke the window.

-

The window broke

In the first sentence, the window is the object, while in the second the window is
the subject. But the relation of the window to the event described by the sentence
is the same in two cases.
Forming the Subject.
A subject of the sentence can be formed in many ways. It can be formed
from the noun, gerund, phrase, infinitive or clause.
Examples:
-

The farmers are at farm. (Noun)

-

Eating is a pleasure. (Gerund)

-

The large bus parked outside the building. (Phrase)

-

To write is more difficult than to read. (Infinitive)

-

That she has travelled around the world was known by people. (Clause)

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3.1.2 Predicate
A predicate (verb) is one of the two main parts of a sentence which tells
something about the subject. The predicate must contain the verb and sometimes it
modifies the subject. There are two kind of verbs; action verb and linking verb.
The action verb is a word that expresses an action of the subject.
Examples:
-

The dog barked loudly.

-

She kissed me last night.

-

He does all of his assignments everyday.

-

My cousin went to Jakarta last month.

-

She takes the breakfast every day.

A verb that consists of the auxiliary verb and verb is called a verb phrase.
Examples:
-

The birds can fly high.

-

She will study English tomorrow morning.

-

He must obey the school rules.

-

They are going to get up early tomorrow morning and go fishing.

-

We must come to the campus on time.

The linking verb is the various forms of verb to be.
Examples:
-

They were at the school at 7 yesterday.

-

They are my friends.

-

I am the student of D3 English Program at University of North Sumatra.

-

My cousin and my mother are going to the market.

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3.1.3 Simple Subject and Simple Predicate
The simple subject tells about who or what the sentence is talking about.
The simple subject is usually just a single noun. When the subject of a sentence
consists of several words, there is always one word which is more important than
the other word because it does the thing in the sentence.
Example:
-

A piece of bread would satisfy his hunger.

The subject is the noun “piece“ with the other words of subject, “a“ and “of
bread“ modifying the noun. “Piece“ is the simple subject. Likewise, a sentence
has a simple predicate which always the verbs that link up with the subject.
Example:
-

The young boy was punished by his mother.

In the example above the young boy is the simple subject and was punished is the
simple predicate.
3.2

Compound Sentence
A compound sentence is the sentence which consists of two main clauses

(independent clause) but there is no subordinate clause. The main clause is joined
together by a coordinating conjunction (and, but, or, nor, for, yet, so). And it is
placed a comma before the coordinating conjunction in a compound sentence.
Examples:
-

My friend invited me to a tea party, but my parents did not let me go.

-

Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus station before noon, and they left on the
bus before I arrived.

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-

Philip and Erwin left on the train before l arrived, so I did not see them at the
train station.

-

Some of the campers went into the woods to find dry tree branches for
cooking, and the others built the tents.

-

Rini and Rati are chitchatting by the door, John is reading his book, Dodo is
flattering Angelina on the class corner, but Didit is sleeping on his desk.

-

Mary and Samantha left on the bus before I arrived, so I did not see them at
the bus station.

3.3 Complex sentence
A complex sentence is a sentence which consists of one main clause (a
complete statement) with one or more independent clause. The main clause is a
group of words that has both a subject and a verb. The main clauses include
adverb clauses, adjective clauses, and noun clauses. It can stand alone as a
sentence but it must be combined with a subordinate clause in order to make a
complete sentence. The independent clause is a group of words which consist of a
subject and a predicate and it can not stand alone. It needs the subordinator words;
as, as if, before, after, because, though, though, even though, while, when,
whenever, if, during, as soon as, as long as, since, until, unless, where, wherever,
whose, who, while, which, whether, where, wherever.
Examples:
-

The students are studying because they have a test tomorrow.
Main Clause
Subordinate Clause

-

When the dog barked, the baby woke up at once.
Subordinate Clause
Main Clause

-

Doni dressed the turkey, while his sister greased the roasting pan.
Main Clause
Subordinate Clause

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-

Although I loved her, she did not love me.
Subordinate Clause
Main Clause

-

Although I studied English for 4 months, I failed the test.
Subordinate clause
Main clause

-

While I was eating the lunch, my mother began to fell ill.
Subordinate clause
Main clause

-

Because I forget the examination schedule, I missed the test.
Subordinate Clause
Main clause

-

While he waited at the train station, Joe realized that the train was late.
Subordinate clause
Main clause

-

After they left on the bus, Mary and Samantha realized that Joe was waiting at
Subordinate clause
Main clause
the train station.

3.4

Compound-Complex Sentence
Compound-Complex sentence is a sentence which consists of two or more

main clause and one or more subordinate clause. The compound-complex
sentence is one of the four basic sentence structures. The other structures of
sentenced are the simple sentence, the compound sentence, and the complex
sentence.
Examples:
-

When the power line snapped, jack was listening to the stereo, and Doni was
Subordinate clause
Main clause
reading in bed.
Main clause

-

After l returned to the school following a long illness, the English teacher gave
Subordinate Clause

-

me make up work, but the history instructor made me drop her course.
Main Clause
Main clause

-

Jack forgot his friend's birthday, so he sent him a card when he finally
Main Clause
Main clause
Subordinate
remembered.
Clause

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-

Although I like to go camping, I haven't had the time to go lately, and I
Subordinate clause
Main clause
haven't found anyone to go with.
Main Clause

-

He went to the market because he needed more milk, and then he made
Main clause
Subordinate clause
Main clause
the pudding.

3.5

The Uses of Simple, Compound and Complex Sentence

The Uses of Simple Sentence
A simple sentence in communication is commonly easy to understand because it
short and to the point. Generally, a clear communication will make a good using of
simple sentence, a final simple sentence after the detail can summarize the key point.
A simple sentence is consists of a single clause.
Examples:
-

The dog sat on the mat.

-

The cat ate the mouse.

-

He sat on the chair.

-

They studied English two hours ago.

-

The girl talked to me yesterday.

A simple sentence consists of single clause and it states a clear statement.
Examples:
-

The services at that hotel are expensive.

-

The knowledge is expensive.

-

The weather is cloudy.

-

The inside of room is so cool.

-

The rain is heavy.

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A simple sentence uses to make an important point to the hearers and readers.
Examples:
-

I hate you.

-

The only missing you.

-

I love you.

-

I am longing on you.

-

I miss you so much.

The uses of Compound Sentence
A compound sentence can be use to make a complex communication in daily
conversation, adding more detail to what would be a less informative of the
simple sentence.
Examples:
-

She loves him, but he does not love her.

-

I care with her, but she never care to me.

-

Andy misses her girlfriend, but she does not miss Andy.

-

I always do the assignment from the campus, but Dani never does the
assignment from the campus.

A compound sentence is used to make more complex and more persuasive
meaning of the sentence.
Examples:
-

I want to take a lunch then go to the office.

-

She wants to come to my house then to your house.

-

They want to play the football then go home to their own home.

-

Mr Steven wants to visit the lake Toba then to Maimun palace.

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Compound sentences do not have to be complex. By keeping the simple clause,
you can still keep the whole of simple sentence.
Examples:
-

She wants go to the theater so she has a good evening out.

-

I must study hard every night so I can improve my knowledge.

-

He must not come late to the school so he will not get the punishment.

-

I must pay attention to the teacher’s explanations so l can understand the
lesson.

The Use of Complex Sentence
A complex sentence is used to emphasize one more idea in a sentence.
Examples:
-

Because I forgot the final exam schedule, I missed the final exam.

-

The English teacher at our school is very cruel to us so we hate him.

-

The woman stopped at the store before she went home.

-

Because of the rain, the museum cancelled the picnic.

-

The idea that writer wants to emphasize here is that I missed the final exam,
the English teacher at our school is very cruel to us, the woman stopped at the
store, the museum cancelled the picnic are express as a complete thought. The
less important idea-because I forgot the exam schedule, so we hate him, before
she went home, Because of the rain are the subordinated to the complete
thought.

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4. DATA AND ANALYSIS DATA
4.1 Data
The data was gathered from the Jakarta Post Newspaper and the writer
collected them only from the headlines issued on Monday, November 8, 2010 at
page 2; Students join relief aid, or go home. Small, Hands-Free Camera Takes
Step Toward Use by Nonprofessionals. SBY’s Thousand of Friends and Zero
Enemies. BI Lauded For Proposed Measures to Tackle Inflows. Page 3; Flights to
Jakarta resume, but Yogyakarta airport stays closed. Obama Foreign Policy Likely
to Face Challenges. Certain Numbers Believed to Bring Fortune, Other Bad Luck.
The Futility of a Currency War. Page 16; U.S mayor rejects China trade disputed.
A Green Life Style: It’s About Thinking Small. US Moves in Asia Aimed At
China: Gates. Page 17; Doubts grow in Asia over plan to bolster the
U.S.economy. The Threat From Yemen. Mythical Perceptions of Nature and
Survival.
4.2 Analysis Data
In this analyzing the data the writer found the use of compound by placing
comma before coordinating conjunction that is: The data of this research are
compound sentence, complex sentence, with total 39 data. The result of the
analysis shows that compound sentence with conjunction but shows the
comparison 2 data or 5.12%, the compound sentence with conjunction but shows
the contrast 15 data or 38.46%, compound sentence with conjunction and shows
the additional idea 7 data or 17.96%, compound sentence with conjunction so
shows the reason 2 data or 5.12%, the complex sentence with subordinator if 7
data or 17.96%, complex sentence with subordinator even as shows possibility 1

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data or 2.56%, complex sentence with subordinator because shows the reason 2
data or 5.12%, complex sentence with subordinator as shows reason 2 data or
5.12%, complex sentence with subordinator therefore shows the affect 1 data or
2.56%.
Compound Sentence
Coordinator But used to show the comparison.
-

“In the long term there is a hope that capital inflows will become good
investment, but in the short term they work to strengthen local currencies and
that is a problem (page 17 Doubts grow in Asia over plan to bolster the U.S.
economy).

-

In this light, the long expected upcoming visit by US president Barack
Obama next week should not only be in remembrance of his childhood in
Indonesia but it should also open more opportunity for mutually beneficial
bilateral relations.

Coordinator But used to show the contrast is:
-

But with the criticism of its policies mounting, the united state appear to have
diverted attention to its self and away from china (page 17 Doubts grow in
Asia over plan to bolster the U.S. economy).

-

Criticizing China was a popular campaign tactic for the Democrats and
Republican candidates alike in many U.S campaign this year, but Mayor
Michal R.Bloomberg of New York has leapt China’s defense (Page 16 U.S
mayor rejects China trade disputed).

-

Merapi is located 550 kilometers from Jakarta, but the volcanic ash from the
eruption has blown west, reaching as far as the west java capital of Bandung,

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which is 400 kilometers aways. (Page 3 Flights to Jakarta resume, but
Yogyakarta airport stays closed)
-

She kindly paid a visit to a nature disaster area and applauded the Indonesian
Parliaments, but at the same time applied pressure of the issue of Indonesian
security forces abusing Papuans. (Page 2 SBY’s Thousand of Friends and
Zero Enemies).

-

Australia would grant the US military expanded use of its bases, but a US
defense official cautioned that any decision on such a possibility was months
away at least. (Page 16 US Moves in Asia Aimed At China: Gates).

-

Many of us have high ideals when it comes to preserving the environment, but
one Jakarta resident argues that it is better to think small and about oneself to
make the biggest impact. (Page 16 A Green Life Style: It’s About Thinking
Small).

-

Most recently Yemeni forced completed a military offensive in Shabwa
province in the south of the country but with limited success. (Page 17The
Threat From Yemen).

-

We expected to see more of that in the coming week and months but this time
in cargo security.(Page 17 The Threat From Yemen).

-

I tried to change my car license plate number to that figure but it would have
cost me a lot. (Page 3 Certain Numbers Believed to Bring Fortune, Other Bad
Luck).

-

A staffer asked me to come up to the fourth floor but l could not find a button
with number four in the elevator. (Page 3 Certain Numbers Believed to Bring
Fortune, Other Bad Luck).

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-

American leadership is critical to solving the climate crisis but yesterday’s
election made our ability to provide that leadership much tougher. (Page 3
Obama Foreign Policy Likely to Face Challenges).

-

The package is ready but it will be applied depending on the impact of US
quantitative easing on the capital flow and exchange rate. (Page 2 BI Lauded
For Proposed Measures to Tackle Inflows).

-

There is absolutely no rigid and definitive indicator to assess Yudhoyono’s
foreign policy but there should be a balanced examination of the successes
and shortcoming of foreign policy outputs and outcomes. (Page 2 SBY’s
Thousand of Friends and Zero Enemies).

-

Achievement is not simply measured by the output of actions that fulfill
targets or objectives but it is also important to assess how the process of
arriving of those achievement is undertaken. (Page 2 SBY’s Thousand of
Friends and Zero Enemies).

-

Profit margins may fluctuate but the volume of imports and exports do not.
(Page 3 The Futility of a Currency War).

Coordinator And used to show two clauses that have similar meaning.
-

Benny said he and his friends were planning to use the money to buy mats and
blankets for refugees in the nearest evacuation center (page 2 Students join
relief aid, or go home).

-

Mythical and religious perspectives which can easily be distorted by the
preachers. (Page 17 Mythical Perceptions of Nature and Survival.
Consistently).

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-

Washington and its Asia Pacific allies have grown wary of China’s intentions.
(Page 16 US Moves in Asia Aimed At China: Gates).

-

Noah and his people were confronted with a great flood. (Page 17 Mythical
Perceptions of Nature and Survival).

-

Those two were drowned in the flood swept by away by mountain like waves
and burned by hot lava and ashes were not punished because of their wrong
doings. (Page 17 Mythical Perceptions of Nature and Survival).

-

The group remains intent on conducting, and is developing its presence. (Page
17 The Threat From Yemen).

-

Many people often paid to much attention to recycling and failed to focus on
ways to reduce acquiring waste. (Page 16 A Green Life Style: It’s About
Thinking Small).

Coordinator So used to show the reason.
-

There is a country on the other side of the world that is taking their taxpayers
dollar and trying to sell subsidize things so we can buy them cheaper and have
a better product, and we are going to criticize that?(Page 16 U.S mayor rejects
China trade disputed).

-

I tried to change my car license plate number to that figure but it would have
cost me a lot so I postponed my plan to do so. (Page 3 Certain Numbers
Believed to Bring Fortune, Other Bad Luck).

Complex sentence
-

If these predictions become reality, AQAP will no longer need to rely upon
long range operations. (Page 17 The Threat From Yemen).

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-

Because no one changes their pricing consumers on the home front have no
incentive to shift their consumption pattern when a currency depreciates.
(Page 3 The Futility of a Currency War).

-

Exporters are supposed to cut their foreign prices if their home currency falls
in value. (Page 3 The Futility of a Currency War).

-

Importers are supposed to raise their domestic prices if the currency shifts.
(Page 3 The Futility of a Currency War).

-

Importers and exporters price to market and only their prices if local
competitors do. (Page 3 The Futility of a Currency War).

-

Importer will take a reduction in their profit margins if currencies move
against them. (Page 3 The Futility of a Currency War).

-

If the mere threat of penalties under the law does not entice large international
companies to leave iran, she will call for the administrations to start punishing
those companies. (Page 3 Obama Foreign Policy Likely to Face
Challenges).

Subordinate even as used to show the possibility.
-

Mr. Bloomberg praised china for showing a much greater interes lately in
environmental protection, even as he accused the country of having allowed
water pollution and other problem (Page 16 U.S mayor rejects China trade
disputed).

Subordinate because used to show the reason.
-

The combination of the numbers 6464 brings bad luck because it ends with
4. (Page 3 Certain Numbers Believed to Bring Fortune, Other Bad Luck).

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-

Once again the victims like all Indonesians are innocent people but were
plagued by misery and because of this we have to extend our hand to help
them. (Page 17 Mythical Perceptions of Nature and Survival).

Subordinate therefore used to show the affect.
-

It is difficult to find a public trash can in the city and I do not want to litter
therefore I made one for myself. (Page 16 A Green Life Style: It’s About
Thinking Small).

Subordinate As used to show the reason.
-

As he has said many times, he believes all Americans should be rooting for the
President succeed (Page 16 U.S mayor rejects China trade disputed).

-

As described in many science books, natural disaster and global climate
change led to the extinction of the dinosaurs. (Page 17 Mythical Perceptions of
Nature and Survival).

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5. CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION
5.1

Conclusion
After analyzing the use of compound sentence in the Jakarta Post

Newspaper, it can be concluded that the use of compound sentence is very
essential thing in forming a sentence, not only in writing but also in conversation.
According to the result of the analysis, the writer drew the conclusions as follows:
1. There are 17 compound sentences with coordinator but. The most frequently
element used are the conjunction but which show the contrast. There are 7
compound sentences with coordinator and which show the additional idea, 2
compound sentences with coordinator so that show the reason.
2. There are 13 complex sentences. The most frequently used in the sentence with
subordinator if 7 data. There is only 1 complex sentence with subordinate even as,
2 with subordinator because, 2 with subordinator as, 1 with subordinator
therefore.

5.2

Suggestion
After gave some examples and made the conclusion, the writer of this

paper would like to present some suggestion to the reader as follows: The use of
Compound sentence with coordinator in the first sentence of the paragraph has to
reduce. It will be better to use the short and simple one in the position to get of
great affect for the reader. The article of the Jakarta post Newspaper are good used
to teaching of the students of practice in forming simple, Compound and Complex
sentence, especially for grammar.

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REFERENCES

Abdul Chaer, 2007. Linguistik Umum. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta.
Burch, C. Betch, 2003. A Writer’s Grammar, United States: Longman.
Basalamah, M Anies. 1994. Sistem Analisis Kalimat. Jakarata: PT. Rineka Cipta.
Chaer, Abdul. 1994. Linguistik Umum. Jakarta: PT. Rineka Cipta.
Hariyanto, Dony and Hariyono, R, 2003. English Grammar For General
Application, Surabaya: Gitamedia Press.
Hasibuan, S. Rangkuti,1996. English Language Stucture, Jakarta: Djambatan
Hurtik, Emil. 1981. Sentence Structure Style. New York
Karo, Br. Persadanta. Dkk.2010. Writing IV
Langan, John,2003. Sentence skills; A Workbook For Writers, New York: Me
Graw Hill.
Manurung, Heldin. 2007. Simplified English Grammar. Jakarta: Kesaint Blanc.
Wren and Martin, 2010. High School English Grammar & Composition. Jakarta:
PT. Rineka Cipta
Rangkuti-Hasibuan, Sofia, Hajah. 2000. English Language Structure: A Complete
Reference Book. Jakarta: Djambatan.

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