THE ANALYSIS OF COMPLIMENT EXPRESSIONS AND THEIR RESPONSE IN THE FILM ENTITLED BRIDESMAIDS: A PRAGMATICS APPROACH

  THE ANALYSIS OF COMPLIMENT EXPRESSIONS AND THEIR RESPONSE IN THE FILM ENTITLED BRIDESMAIDS: A PRAGMATICS APPROACH THESIS Submitted as a Partial Fulfillment of Requirement for the Sarjana Degree in English Department Faculty of Letters and Fine Arts Sebelas Maret University By: YOSSY ERVIANA C0309069 ENGLISH DEPARTMENT FACULTY OF LETTERS AND FINE ARTS SEBELAS MARET UNIVERSITY 2013 commit to user commit to user

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MOTTO

  

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  Allahumma yasir walaa tu’assir. Allahuma laa sahla illa maa ja’altahu sahlan wa anta taj’alul hazna idzaa syi’ta sahlaa

  “Ya Allah mudahkanlah jangan persukar. Ya Allah tiada yang mudah selain yang Kau mudahkan dan Engkau jadikan kesusahan itu mudah jika Engkau menghendakinya menjadi mudah ”

   Man Jadda Wajada”

  Siapa yang bersungguh-sungguh akan berhasil “Man Shobaru Zhafira”

  Siapa yang bersabar akan beruntung “Man Yazro’ Yahsud”

  Siapa yang menanam, akan menuai yang di tanam

DEDICATION

  Respectfully, I dedicate this thesis to…..

  My Dad My Mom My little brother My beloved Granny in heaven And those who help me to go this far commit to user

  

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ACKNOWLEDGMENT Alhamdulillahirobbil ‘alamin….

  I would like to express all praises and greatest thanks to Allah SWT for always guiding, and giving me strength to go this far. I am sure without His blessing I will never be able to do everything. I do realize that this thesis cannot be finished without contributions and supports from other individuals and institutions. Therefore, I would like to give my deepest appreciation for: 1.

  Drs. Riyadi Santosa, M.Ed., Ph.D., the Dean of Faculty Letters and Fine Arts, for giving approval for this thesis and also giving a guidance for my first step.

  2. Drs. Agus Hari Wibowo, M.A. Ph.D., the Head of English Department, for supporting the fulfillment of this thesis.

  3. Drs. Budi Waskito, M.Pd., my thesis supervisor. My greatest thanks to Mr.

  Budi for making time for me and guiding me patiently to finish this thesis.

  4. Yusuf Kurniawan, S.S, M.A., my academic supervisor. My gratitude for all advices and guidance given to me during my study in Sebelas Maret University.

  5. All of Lecturers in English Department, for giving me knowledge, support, advice, encouragement and guidance during the process of studying.

  Especially for Prof. Dr. Djatmika, M.A., thanks for giving me a clear understanding about pragmatics and guiding my research.

  

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6.

  My Dad, my Mom and my little brother, thanks for the praying, motivations, advices and supports given to me all the time.

  7. Wildan Rifai, my best friend, brother and lover. Thanks for standing beside me in every condition. Thanks for always making me smile and be positive.

  8. Adinda Putri, Anindyarta Adi, Raisa Nanda, Arifin Sudi, Novi Ayu, Okta Kusuma, and Tetri Nur thanks for becoming my best friends all the years, and for the supports.

  9. Alifa Hanifati Irlinda, thanks for being my prove reader. Special thanks also goes to Deliana Praditha Sari, for helping my thesis writing construction.

  Thanks for your supports and advices you both given to me.

  10. All of my ED ’09 friends, especially Retno, Risky, Wening, Wiwin, and Rika thanks for the experiences pals. I learn a lot from it. Time went by so fast!

  11. For every single person who helps me and contributes in conducting my thesis, I do apologize that I cannot mention one by one because of the limitation of space and time.

  I do realize that there are some imperfections in this thesis. Therefore, any suggestion and criticism from the readers are expected to make a better construction.

  Yossy Erviana

  TABLE OF CONTENTS

  TITLE ...................................................................................................................... i APPROVAL OF THE CONSULTANT .................................................................ii APPROVAL OF THE BOARD EXAMINER ..................................................... iii PRONOUNCEMENT ............................................................................................ iv MOTTO .................................................................................................................. v DEDICATION ....................................................................................................... vi ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ....................................................................................vii TABLE OF CONTENTS ....................................................................................... ix LIST OF TABLES ................................................................................................. xi ABSTRACT ..........................................................................................................xii

  CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION A. Research Background ................................................................................. 1 B. Problem Statements .................................................................................... 5 C. Research Limitation .................................................................................... 6 D. Research Objectives .................................................................................... 6 E. Research Benefit ......................................................................................... 7 F. Research Methodology ............................................................................... 8 G. Thesis Organization .................................................................................... 9 CHAPTER II: THEORITICAL REVIEW A. Pragmatics ................................................................................................. 10

  

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  B.

  Speech Act ................................................................................................ 11 C. Direct and Indirect Speech Acts ............................................................... 14

  C.1 Direct Speech Act............................................................................... 15 C.2 Indirect Speech Act ............................................................................ 15 D. Compliment............................................................................................... 17

  D.1 Definition of Compliment .................................................................. 17 D.2 Types of Topics of Compliment ........................................................ 18 D.3 The Functions of Compliment ........................................................... 20 D.4 Compliment Response Strategies....................................................... 23 E. Summary of Film ...................................................................................... 27 F. Review Related Study ............................................................................... 29

  CHAPTER III: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY A. Research Design........................................................................................... 32 B. Research Location ........................................................................................ 33 C. Data and Source of Data .............................................................................. 33 D. Sampling and Data Collecting ..................................................................... 34 E. Data Validity ................................................................................................ 35 F. Technique of Collecting Data ...................................................................... 35 G. Technique of Coding Data ........................................................................... 36 H. Technique of Analyzing Data ...................................................................... 38 H.1 Domain Analysis ................................................................................... 38 H.2 Taxonomic Analysis ............................................................................. 39

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  H.3 Componential Analysis ......................................................................... 39 H.4 Finding Cultural Values ....................................................................... 40

  CHAPTER IV: DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION A. Introduction to Data Analysis ...................................................................... 42 B. Data Classification and Data Analysis ......................................................... 43 C. Discussion .................................................................................................... 85 CHAPTER V: CONCLUSIONS AND SUGGESTIONS A. Conclusions .................................................................................................. 99 B. Suggestions ................................................................................................ 105 BIBLIOGRAPHY APPENDICES LIST OF TABLES Table 3.1 Types of topics of compliment and the use in the film ...................... 39 Table 4.1 The Types of topics of compliment .................................................. 86 Table 4.2 Percentage of types of topics of compliment .................................... 87 Table 4.3 The functions of compliment ............................................................ 89 Table 4.4 The responses of compliment ............................................................ 92 Table 4.5 Appreciation token, verbal and nonverbal responses ........................ 94 Table 4.6 Types of topics of compliment and the use of compliment in the data at the film ........................................................................................................... 97

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  ABSTRACT Yossy Erviana. 2013. The Analysis of Compliment Expressions and Their Response in the Film Entitled Bridesmaids: a Pragmatics Approach. Thesis: English Department of Faculty of Letters and Fine Arts. Sebelas Maret University.

  This research is intended to analyze the use of compliment expressions in the film entitled Bridesmaids using Wolfson’s classification on types of topics of compliments,

  Wolfson’s classification of compliment functions, the summary of functions of compliment by Noriko Ishihara, and Herbert’s theory of compliment’s responses. The objectives of the research are: 1. To find out the types of compliment’s topics employed by the characters in the film entitled

  Bridesmaids.

  2. To find out the functions of each type of compliment’s topics in the film entitled Bridesmaids. 3. To explain the compliment’s responses applied by the addressees in the film entitled Bridesmaids.

  The approach employed in the research is Pragmatics. The descriptive qualitative research and a total sampling technique are used in this research. The source of the data in this research is an American film entitled Bridesmaids. The data are the direct (face to face communication) compliment expressions and their response. The researcher takes all the dialogs containing direct compliments and their response expressed by the characters in the film Bridesmaids found in the data as the samples of the research.

  The results of the research are as follows. First, the characters of

  Bridesmaids

  employed all the types of topics of compliment based on Wolfson’s classification (personal appearance, possession, general ability and specific act ability). Second, all the compliments (personal appearance, possession, general ability and specific act ability) have many functions suitable with one of six Noriko Ishihara’s summary of the functions of compliment (to express admiration or approval of someone‘s work/appearance/taste), and all of Wolfson’s classification of the compliment functions. Third, the researcher uses Herbert’s classification of compliment responses to analyze the response of compliment employed by the character in the film entitled Bridesmaids. The compliment responses in the data use nine of twelve Herbert’s theory of compliment responses (except reassignment, request interpretation and qualification).

  This research is intended to bring benefit for students and other researchers who are interested in observing compliment expressions in any theories. This research can be used as reference or to give additional information about the use of compliment expressions in the application of

  Wolfson’s classification on types of topics of compliments, the functions of each compliment based on Wolfson’s classification of compliment functions and

  Noriko Ishihara’s summary of compliment functions and the responses of compliment based on Herbert’s theory of compliment’s response.

  

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