had always show considerable interest in the ways and forms of spirits, and he knew that many of his readers also had the same interest.
In this final project, I analyze the quintessential – features of the Gothic tale
that appear in Poe’s The Fall of the House of Usher. I found quintessential – features of Gothic tale that appear in Poe’s The Fall of the House of Usher
through its intrinsic elements. I use structuralism approach to find the quintessential-features of gothic tale in the story. Structuralism sees a literary
work as independent text. The researches do objectively by analyzing the intrinsic elements of literary work. The beauty of a literary work depends on style of
language that is used and relation between the elements. The elements consist of the elements of the text, itself. The elements are ideas, plot, theme, setting,
characters, style and tone. The relationship between the elements will build a wholeness of a text. I can analyze and found the gothic features of the story by
analyzing the intrinsic elements of the story firstly. .
1.2 Reasons for Choosing the Topic
By analyzing this short story, I want to convey that in our society the Gothic tale and its characteristic to be kind of topic that people are interested in. However in
the other side they feel afraid of the Gothic tale and the story, itself. There are some reasons why I choose the short story entitled The Fall of
the House of Usher which was written by Edgar Allan Poe as my object of the research.
First, the topic that reflects in the story is interesting topic to analyze. Poe, as the writer creates a strong effect and good overtone that make the readers enjoy
his story. Second, the topic reflects real life phenomena that still occurs in our
society right now which impact the people itself of their fear and awareness of preternatural aspects and Gothic tale aspects. However, in the other side they have
attractiveness of it. By reading this thesis, I intend to shows the readers the quintessential
– features of Gothic tale that exists in society and reflected in Poe’s The Fall of the House of Usher.
Third, I would like to concern in Gothic literature, a genre that rose with Romanticism whic explores the dark side of human experience death, alienation,
nightmares, ghost, and haunted places. American Gothic literature dramatizes a culture plagued by poverty and slavery through characters afflicted with various
forms of insanity and melancholy. And I think that this topic is interesting to discuss in her final project.
Moreover, I hope the readers do not only get enjoyment from literature but also, from it we can learn more about the real phenomenon of other countries.
1.3 Statement of the Problem
In this final project, I would like to analyze the case of Gothic Tale and focusing the discussion on the following problems:
1 How are the intrinsic elements of Poe’s The Fall of the House of Usher
2 How are the quintessential – features of Gothic Tale in Poe’s The Fall of the
House of Usher described in its intrinsic elements?
1.4 Objectives of the Study