Structural Approach Gothic Tale

2.3.2 Structural Approach

As the explanation of structuralism above, I can conclude that structuralism sees a literary work as independent text. The researches do objectively by analyzing the intrinsic elements of literary work. The elements are ideas, plot, theme, setting, characters, style and tone. The relationship between the elements will build a wholeness of a text. It can be seen in the quotation: Structural approach is one of by which in analyzing the data, the writer focuses on the literary work itself. This approach is often called an objective or formal approach. What we need to discuss in the work of literature is the elements which built the literary work itself, such as plot, theme, characters and characterization, writing and language style, and the harmony of the relationship of each aspects Semi, 1990: 867.

2.3.3 Gothic Tale

Gothic tale, sometimes referred to as Gothic Fiction or Gothic Horror, is a genre of literature that combines elements of both horror and romance. As a genre, it is generally believed to have been invented by the English author Horace Walpole, with his 1764 novel The Castle of Otranto. Gothic literature is intimately associated with the Gothic Revival architecture of the same era. The ruins of gothic buildings gave rise to multiple linked emotions by representing the inevitable decay and collapse of human creations. Thus, the urge to add fake ruins as eye catchers in English landscape parks. Based on Edith Birkhead 2004, I can conclude that quintessential - features of Gothic Tale include terror both psychological and physical, haunted houses and Gothic architecture, castles, darkness, death, fear, madness, secrets, and dreary landscape . CHAPTER III METHOD OF STUDY In this chapter, I present the following sub-chapter, such as: method of study, source of data, data, instrument, and data analysis. The data will be in form of phrases, sentences, and words.

3.1 Design of the Study