Dreary Landscape The Quintessential- features of Gothic Tale in Poe’s The Fall of

occurred incestuously in the house. The reader confused by the house with the Usher family because of the physical structure dictated to the genetic patterns of the family. This features I found through the setting and the characters behavior. The two intrinsic elements create an atmosphere of a haunted house. The other elements, that are plot, point of view, theme, style and tone do not have big contribution to create a haunted house image in the story.

4.2.2 Dreary Landscape

The second quintessential-features of gothic tale that I found is dreary landscape. The darkness, sorrow, horror and gloomy situation not only can feel in the house of Usher, but also in the surrounding of the house. The narrator felt that situation d uring he had passing alone to Usher’s house. The setting of place and time during the narrator go to the House of Usher who explain about dreary landscape shows clearly in the first paragraph of the story. It is proved by the quotation: During the whole of a dull, dark, and soundless day in the autumn of the year, when the clouds hung oppressively low in the heavens, I had been passing alone, on horseback , through a singularly dreary tract of country; and at length found myself, as the shades of the evening drew on, within view of the melancholy House of Usher. . I know not how it was--but, with the first glimpse of the building, a sense of insufferable gloom pervaded my spirit. I say insufferable; for the feeling was unrelieved by any of that half-pleasurable, because poetic, sentiment, with which the mind usually receives even the sternest natural images of the desolate or terrible. I looked upon the scene before me--upon the mere house, and the simple landscape features of the domain--upon the bleak walls--upon the vacant eye-like windows--upon a few rank sedges--and upon a few white trunks of decayed trees --with an utter depression of soul which I can compare to no earthly sensation more properly than to the after-dream of the reveller upon opium--the bitter lapse into everyday life-the hideous dropping off of the reveller upon opium--the bitter lapse into everyday life--the hideous dropping off of the veil. There was an iciness, a sinking, a sickening of the heart--an unredeemed dreariness of thought which no goading of the imagination could torture into aught of the sublime . Poe, 1839: 1 From the quotation above it can be seen that instead of standard narrative markers of place and time Poe uses traditional Gothic elements such as inclement weather and a dreary landscape. We are alone with the narrator in this haunted space, and neither we nor the narrator know why. The setting of the story shows the image of ―Dreary Landscape‖ as the quintessential- feature of gothic tale clearly.

4.2.3 Mysterious Sickness