The Method of the Research

9 using character theory and Hierarchy of human needs of Abraham Maslow’s theory and finally concluding the results.

5. The Unit Analysis

The unit analysis of this research is You Again Film. It is a 2010 American comedy film directed by Andy Fickman and written by Moe Jelline. It is a Production by Touchstone Pictures. 1 Time and Place The research was conducted in 2013 in English Letters Department, Letters and Humanities Faculty, State Islamic University Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta. This research took place in the library of Letters and Humanities Faculty, the center library of State Islamic University Syarif Hidayatullah, and other library that can support reference materials that are needed for this thesis. 10

CHAPTER II THEORITICAL FRAMEWORK

A. The Theory of Character in Film

Film or Cinema is a work of art when motion conforms to a perceptible rhythm with pause and pace where all aspects of the continuous image related to the whole. Film is recognized as a unique and powerful art form on par with painting, sculpture, music, literature, and drama. 12 There are some elements in film; first, thematic elements such a plot, emotional effect and character; second, fictional and dramatic elements such as conflict, characterization, and symbolism. This research focuses on character analysis, so more about character and characterization are explained below:

1. Character

Character is any individual or fictional people who acts, appears, or is referred to as playing a part in literary work or film. This meaning of character is formed based on some definitions; James wrote that “The term character applies to any individual in literary work.” 13 Judith wrote that “It’s not surprising, then, that when we watch television programs, see movies, or read literature, most of us pay close attention to the people- the character- whose lives unfold before us.” 14 David wrote that 12 Joseph M. Boggs and Dennis W. Petrie.The Art of Watching Films: Seventh Edition New York: McGraw Hill, 2008, pp. 2-3 13 James H. Pickering and Jeffrey D. Hoeper.Concise Companion to Literature New York: Macmillan Publishing, Co., Inc., 1981, p. 24 14 Judith A. Stanford. Responding to Literature: Stories, Poems, Plays and Essays New York: McGraw-Hill, 2006, pp. 31-32

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