Study of Biosecurity Implementation in Animal Quarantine Premises for Imported Cattle Across Java Island

KAJIAN BIOSEKURITI
INSTALASI KARANTINA HEWAN SAPI IMPOR
DI PULAU JAWA

GATOT SANTOSO

SEKOLAH PASCASARJANA
INSTITUT PERTANIAN BOGOR
BOGOR
2012

DAFTAR ISI

Halaman
DAFTAR TABEL .....................................................................................

xix

DAFTAR GAMBAR ................................................................................

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DAFTAR LAMPIRAN .............................................................................

xxi

PENDAHULUAN
Latar Belakang ..................................................................................
Rumusan Masalah..............................................................................
Tujuan Penelitian ..............................................................................
Manfaat Penelitian ............................................................................
Hipotesis Penelitian ..........................................................................

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TINJAUAN PUSTAKA
Instalasi Karantina Hewan ................................................................
Klasifikasi Instalasi Karantina Hewan ...............................................
Biosekuriti ........................................................................................
Pengetahuan ......................................................................................
Sikap .................................................................................................
Praktik ...............................................................................................
Hubungan Antara Pengetahuan, Sikap, dan Praktik ............................

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METODE PENELITIAN
Waktu dan Tempat Penelitian ...........................................................
Kerangka Konsep Penelitian .............................................................
Disain Penelitian ................................................................................
Sampel Penelitian .............................................................................
Pembobotan dan Penilaian Kuesioner ...............................................
Definisi Operasional .........................................................................
Analisis Data ....................................................................................

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HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN
Kondisi IKH sapi impor di Pulau Jawa...............................................
Penilaian Kondisi IKH .......................................................................
Lokasi .....................................................................................
Tindakan Biosekuriti di IKH ...................................................
Aspek Lain-lain .......................................................................
Karakteristik Dokter Hewan...............................................................
Pengetahuan, Sikap, dan Praktik Dokter Hewan .................................
Hubungan Antara Karakteristik, Pengetahuan, dan Sikap
Dokter Hewan terhadap Praktik Biosekuriti ......................................
Karakteristik Paramedik .....................................................................
Pengetahuan, Sikap, dan Praktik Paramedik .......................................
Hubungan Antara Karakteristik, Pengetahuan, dan Sikap
Paramedik terhadap Praktik Biosekuriti ............................................

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Halaman
SIMPULAN DAN SARAN
Simpulan ..........................................................................................
Saran .................................................................................................

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DAFTAR PUSTAKA ...............................................................................

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LAMPIRAN ..............................................................................................

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PERNYATAAN MENGENAI TESIS DAN
SUMBER INFORMASI

Dengan ini saya menyatakan bahwa tesis Kajian Biosekuriti Instalasi Karantina
Hewan Sapi Impor di Pulau Jawa adalah karya saya dengan arahan dari komisi
pembimbing dan belum diajukan dalam bentuk apa pun kepada perguruan tinggi
manapun. Sumber informasi yang berasal atau dikutip dari karya yang diterbitkan
maupun tidak diterbitkan dari penulis lain telah disebutkan dalam teks dan
dicantumkan dalam Daftar Pustaka di bagian akhir tesis ini.

Bogor, Juni 2012
Gatot Santoso
NIM. B251100144

ABSTRACT
GATOT SANTOSO. Study of Biosecurity Implementation in Animal Quarantine
Premises for Imported Cattle Across Java Island. Under direction of TRIOSO
PURNAWARMAN and ETIH SUDARNIKA.
Indonesia imports large number of live cattle as breeding cattle or beef cattle
to fulfill its demands for protein of animal origin. In order to prevent animal
disease entering and spreading in the country the Government of Indonesia
provides animal quarantine premises inside or outside every entry/exit point.
Requirements and procedures to establish animal quarantine premises is stated in
the Agriculture Minister’s Decree No 34/2006 regarding Requirements and
Procedures to Establish Animal Quarantine Premises, and in the Head of
Agriculture Quarantine Agency’s Decree regarding Technical Guidelines for
Large Ruminant Animal Quarantine Premises. Biosecurity in animal quarantine
facilities is one of important factors in preventing spreading of diseases among
animals, transmission from animals to human or vice versa and also preventing
disease to enter premises. Biosecurity implementation in animal quarantine
premises depends on the knowledge, attitude and practices conducted by the
officers of the premise, both veterinarian officers and paraveterinarian officers.
The aim of this study is to determine the level of biosecurity and the relation
among characteristic, knowledge and attitude of veterinarian and paraveterinarian
officers on the biosecurity implementation (sanitation, isolation and movement
control) in a temporary animal quarantine premises. Data were collected from
temporary animal quarantine premises for imported cattle across Java Island. In
this study we found that in general the biosecurity implementation in the premises
was adequate (62.6%) and good (31.2%). We also noticed that the characteristic
of veterinarian officers showed no relation to the biosecurity implementation,
while the knowledge and attitude of veterinarian officers showed a strong relation
to the biosecurity implementation (p

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Study of Biosecurity Implementation in Animal Quarantine Premises for Imported Cattle Across Java Island