b. Forest fires are not completely under control; c. Forest areas are not yet stable;
d. People living within and around forests are poor; e. Employment in the field of forestry is inadequate;
f. Need for lands for different purposes is great; g. Need for access to forestry business has increased;
h. Policies on forestry development investment are not interesting.
4. Some opportunities which can be used are, among others:
a. Potential for forest resource utilisation is great; b. There is a commitment within the country in forest governance;
c. International support to sustainable forest resource management is great; d. There are forestry partners and potential roles of the communities to support forestry
development; e. There is high dependence on forest resources;
f. Market demand on forest products is high; g. Investment opportunity in the field of forestry is high.
Based on the strengths, opportunities, constraints and challenges as identified through the SWOT approach, some alternative strategies for forestry development in the medium term
are identified, which are classified into the following four: 1. Strategy to use strengts for making use of opportunities;
2. Strategy to address constraintsweaknesses by using opportunities; 3. Strategy to use strengths for addressing challenges threats;
4. Strategy to reduce weaknesses and address challenges threats. The details of each strategy group are presented in matrix 1.
Strenth: 1. Existence of Ministry of Forestry exists as the administer of
sustainable forest management; 2. Laws and regulation on forestry which support management of
forest resources Act No. 41 of 1999, Government Regulation No. 34 of 2002, Act No. 32 of 2004, Government Regulation
No. 35 of 2002, Government Regulation No. 44 of 2004, and other supporting Decisions of Minister of Forestry;
3. Available Forestry human resources; 4. Available forest resources;
5. Results of forestry development so far undertaken. ConstraintsWeaknesses:
1. Institutions and the capacity to manage forest resources are still
inadequate, which is indicated by the limited number of forest management units that are fully operational;
2. Forest industries lack clear direction, competitiveness and
serious support from the government; 3.
Distribution of roles among the communities is not equitable; 4.
Distribution of benefits from forest resources is not equitable; 5.
Use of forestry human resources for forest management is not optimum;
6. Science and technology are not in line with forest management;
7. Security and services for forestry businesses are inadequate;
8. Synergy in forest governance is inadequate;
9. Access to forestry policies and information is inadequate;
10. Forestry laws and regulations cannot be fully implemented; 11. Equipments and infrastructure supporting forestry
development are inadequate.
Opportunities: 1. Potential for forest resource utilisation is great;
2. There is a commitment within the country to undertake forest governance;
3. International support to sustainable forest resource management is great;
4. There are forestry partners and potential roles of the communities to support forestry development;
5. There is high dependence on forest resources; 6. Market demand on forest products is high;
7. Investment opportunity in the field of forestry is high. STRATEGY: USING STRENGTHS TO USE
1. Coordination in the handling of forest protection problems 2. Sustainable Forest Management Certification
3. Promotion of the management of Non Timber Forest Product NTFP
4. Acceleration of plantation forest development 5. Increase of Non Tax State Income from forestry sector
6. Development and strengthening of conservation area management
7. Acceleration of the forest gazettement process 8. Sustaining the existence of forest areas
9. Promotion of utilisaton of forest functions 10. Making use of international support to sustainable forest
STRATEGY: ADDRESSING CONSTRAINTS WEAKNESSES BY USING OPPORTUNITIES
1. Enhanced facilitation of the performance of forestry industries
2. Community based protection and utilisation of natural
Development of people’s forests 4.
Supporting enhanced utilisation of environmental services 5.
Promotion of community participaton 6.
Increased access for the communities to forestry policies and information
7. Establishment of forest production, protection management
Coordination and synchronisation with other sectors in land use planning
9. Optimisation of forest areas
management 11. Acceleration of provision of spatial and non-spatial data and
information 12. Development and improvement of forestry plans
10. Development of science and technology 11. Enhancement of profesionalism of forestry human resources
12. Promotion of communication and consultation among stakeholders
ChallengesThreats: 1. Illegal harvest of forest products, both wood and non-wood, as
well as their trades, still continue; 2. Forest fires are not completely under control;
3. Forest areas are not yet stable; 4. People living within and surrounding forests are poor;
5. Employment in the field of forestry is inadequate; 6. Need for lands for different purposes is great;
7. Need for access to forestry business has increased; 8. Policies on forestry development investment are not
interesting. 9. There are large areas of degraded forests and high rate of forest
degradation. STRATEGY: USING STRENGTHS TO ADDRESS
CHALLENGES THREATS 1. Law enforcement in forest protection
2. Acceleration of forest and land rehabilitation 3. Strengthening the management and function of watersheds
4. Elevating the effectiveness of forest fire management 5. Provision of management roles for the communities
surrounding forests STRATEGY: REDUCING WEAKNESSES AND
ADDRESSING CHALLENGES THREATS 1.
Synchronisation of forest governance by central and local governments
2. Promotion of economic development of people living within
and surrounding forests 3.
Promotion of forestry small and medium enterprises
Matrix 1. SWOT Analysis of Strategic Plan of the Ministry of Forestry 2005-2009