Review of Previous Related Research



A. Place and Time of the Research

The research was conducted on February 2015 at the second grade of MTs Negeri Pamulang which is located on Pajajaran Street No.31 Pamulang, South Tangerang, Banten 15417, Indonesia. B. Method of the Research This study was used a survey method through correlation techniques. The dependent variable of this research is English learning achievement variable Y, and the independent variable is students motivation variable X. In this study, the writer would like to gain the possibility of the correlation between the students’ motivation as independent variable X variable and their achievement as dependent variable Y variable.

C. The Population and Sample

The population of this research is the students of the second grade of MTs Negeri Pamulang. Total students of the second grade are 319 students. These students are distributed into 10 classes, 6 classes for Bina Prestasi class and 2 classes for science class, 2 classes for English bilingual and 1 class for Arabic bilingual class. In each science class consists of about 31 – 32 students. The technique of sampling in this research used cluster sampling technique. The sampling was from Bina Prestasi class 1 in this research which is consisted of about 31 students.

D. The Technique of Instrument and Data Collection

The data collection was distributed the questionnaire. Besides that, students’ English learning achievement variable was collected from documentary score that the English teaching had conducted. 22

1. The Technique of Instrumentation

This research used questionnaire to know the students’ motivation of MTsN Pamulang at the second grade. The questionnaire consisted of 30 items, 21 positive statements and 9 negative statements. The instrument has some alternative options based on Likert Scale; Strongly Agree sangat setuju, In Doubt kurang setuju, Agree setuju, Disagree tidak setuju, and Strongly Disagree sangat tidak setuju. As see below: 1 Table 3.1 The Likert Scale English Indonesia Symbols Positive Negative Strongly Agree Sangat Setuju SS 5 1 Agree Setuju S 4 2 In Doubt Kurang Setuju KS 3 3 Disagree Tidak Setuju TS 2 4 Strongly disagree Sangat Tidak Setuju STS 1 5 The Questionnaire consists of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. The Indicators of intrinsic motivation are desire, interest, need and goal. The Indicators of extrinsic motivation are teacher, parents and social. Table 3.2 Table Indicators of Motivated Learners Variable Dimensions Indicators Items Number Positive Negative Motivation Intrinsic Desire 1,3,5 2,4,6 Interest 7,9,11,13 8,10,12,14 Need 15,16,17,18 19,20 Goal 21,22,23,24 25 Extrinsic Teacher 26,27 28,29,30 Parents 31,32 33,34,35 Social 36,37 38,39,40 1 Zoltan Dornyei, Questionnaires in Second Language Research – Contraction, Administration, and Processing, New York: Madison Avenue, 2010, p. 27