For the correct balance of antifreeze and of additives, proper care should be taken in order to maintain the concentration of Extended Life Coolant ELC. Lowering the
proportion of antifreeze lowers the proportion of additive. This will lower the ability of the coolant to protect the system from pitting, from cavitation, from erosion, and from
4. Proper additions to the Extended Life Coolant
Note: Do not add ELC Concentrate as a makeup solution for a routine cooling system top-off. The addition of the concentrated Extended Life Coolant will increase the
concentration of glycol in the cooling system.
During the normal maintenance, use the premixed ELC as a cooling system top-off. This will bring the coolant up to the proper level. Use ELC or use a coolant that meets
Caterpillar specifications EC-1. If the proper coolant is not available, use distilled water or use deionized water. Check the glycol level of the coolant system with the 1U
- 7298 Coolant Tester Group °C or with the 1U-7297 Coolant Tester Group °F. Use ELC Concentrate to restore the proper glycol concentration in the coolant system. This
should be done before the engine is exposed to freezing temperatures.
NOTICE Do not use a conventional coolant to top-off a cooling system using Extended Life Coolant.
5. Extended Life Coolant Cooling System Cleaning
Note: No cleaning agents need to be used when a cooling system that is already using ELC is cleaned.
Clean water is the only cleaning agent that is required when ELC is drained from the cooling system.
ELC can be recycled. The drained coolant mixture can be distilled. The distillation process can remove the ethylene glycol and the water. Consult your Caterpillar dealer
for more information.
After you drain the cooling system and after you refill the cooling system, operate the engine while the radiator filler cap is removed. Operate the engine until the coolant
reaches the normal operating temperature and until the coolant level stabilizes. As needed, add the coolant mixture in order to fill the system to the proper level.
6. Cleaning the Heavy-Duty Cooling System
Caterpillar Cooling System Cleaners are designed to clean the system of harmful scale and of corrosion. Caterpillar Cleaners dissolve mineral scale, corrosion products, light
oil contamination, and sludge. For the recommended service interval, refer to the Operation and Maintenance Manual, Maintenance Interval Schedule for your
7. Low Silicate Coolant
Any coolant that has low silicate content is acceptable if the coolant meets the following requirements:
• TMC RP329 • TMC RP330
• ASTM D4985 For proper corrosion protection, Caterpillar recommends the use of a coolant mixture
that is at least 30 percent glycol and 70 percent water and supplemental coolant additive. In order to prevent water pump cavitation, all Caterpillar engines that have an
air-to-air aftercooler require a minimum glycol concentration of 30 percent.
Although the minimum acceptable glycol concentration is 30 percent, Caterpillar recommends the use of a coolant mixture that is 50 percent glycol and 50 percent
water and supplemental coolant additive. This coolant mixture helps to provide optimum engine performance.
When you initially fill the cooling system with Caterpillar Diesel Engine AntifreezeCoolant, it is not necessary to add supplemental coolant additive. Caterpillar
Diesel Engine AntifreezeCoolant already contains supplemental coolant additive. When you initially fill the cooling system with a commercial coolant that meets the
requirements of ASTM D4985, add a supplemental coolant additive. The supplemental coolant additive in Caterpillar Diesel Engine AntifreezeCoolant and in
commercial coolants must be replenished at regular service intervals. When you initially fill the cooling system with a commercial coolant that meets the requirements
ofASTM D4985, refer to the table below for the proper quantity of liquid supplemental coolant additive.
8. Supplemental Coolant Additive SCA
Caterpillar SCA effectively prevents corrosion on all metals and Caterpillar SCA effectively prevents the formation of mineral deposits. Caterpillar SCA also prevents
cavitation of the liner and Caterpillar SCA eliminates foaming of the coolant.
Test the SCA concentration or submit a coolant sample to your Caterpillar dealer at every oil change. After every 250 service hours, liquid SCA or a SCA maintenance
element may be needed. SCA additions are based on the results of coolant analysis. Your Caterpillar dealer has test kits that will evaluate the concentration of additives in
The following table indicates the amount of Caterpillar SCA that is needed at the initial fill to treat commercial heavy-duty coolantantifreezes. The table also shows the
addition of an SCA for either liquid SCA or for the maintenance elements of a SCA. These additions are for commercial heavy-duty coolantantifreezes and for Caterpillar